Infraorbital nerve

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Infraorbital nerve
Gray379.png
Left orbicularis oculi, seen from behind. (Infraorbital nerve labeled at lower left.)
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Sensory areas of the head, showing the general distribution of the three divisions of the fifth nerve. (Infraorbital nerve labeled at center left, at the nose.)
Details
Frommaxillary nerve
Identifiers
LatinNervus infraorbitalis
TAA14.2.01.059
FMA52978
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

After the maxillary nerve enters the infraorbital canal, the nerve is frequently called the infraorbital nerve. This nerve innervates (sensory) the lower eyelid, upper lip, and part of the nasal vestibule and exits the infraorbital foramen of the maxilla. There is a cross innervation of this nerve on the other side of jaw.[citation needed]

Clinical relevance[edit]

The infraorbital nerve block is a type of local anesthetic nerve block used to induce analgesia in the distribution of the nerve for whatever purpose.

After a fracture of the floor of the orbit, the infraorbital nerve may become trapped, producing an area of anaesthesia under the orbital rim.

See also[edit]

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 889 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

External links[edit]