Institute of Red Professors

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The Institute of Red Professors of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) (Russian: Институ́т кра́сной профессу́ры, ИКП) was an institute of graduate-level education in the Marxist social sciences located in the Orthodox Convent of the Passion, Moscow.

It was founded in February 1921 to address shortage of Marxist professors but only about 25 percent of its graduates continued an academic career; most rather became activists of the Communist Party.[1] At first it was under the jurisdiction of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union and later under the Department for Agitation and Propaganda (Agitprop).[2] The studies lasted four years and students (nicknamed ikapisty) were required to write research papers, which were often published and represented a significant body of Marxist historical research. 236 students completed the course between 1924 and 1929.[2] In 1929, there were 69 teachers at the institute, seven of whom were not members of the Communist Party.[1] Its rectors were Mikhail Pokrovsky (1921–31) and Pavel Yudin (1932–38). The institute was abolished in 1938.[3] The institute was integrated into a system of higher party schools of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.


  1. ^ a b David-Fox, Michael (1997). Revolution of the Mind: Higher Learning Among the Bolsheviks, 1918-1929. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. pp. 133, 139.
  2. ^ a b Banerji, Arup (2008). Writing history in the Soviet Union: making the past work. Berghahn Books. pp. 29–30. ISBN 978-81-87358-37-4.
  3. ^ Boterbloem, Kees (2004). The life and times of Andrei Zhdanov, 1896-1948. McGill-Queen's Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-7735-2666-2.