International Day of the liberation of Nazi concentration camps

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Gedenkstätte Buchenwald - Bronzefiguren von Fritz Cremer.jpg

International Day of liberation of the Nazi concentration camps is a memorable date, celebrated annually on 11 April.[1]

During the Second World War in Nazi Germany, its allies and countries in the occupied territories they acted (in addition to prisons, ghettos, and so on).[2] Of 14 000 concentration camps.[3] Prisoners of Nazis burned in the ovens of the crematorium (sometimes to death), poisoned in gas chambers, tortured, raped, starved and forced to work at the same time to exhaustion; prisoners have bled for the soldiers of the Wehrmacht, was performed over them the terrible medical experiments, testing new drugs [4] on the people.

In March 1945, on the territory of Buchenwald (the largest concentration camp) flashes armed insurrection organized by international forces prisoners themselves.[5] When Buchenwald concentration camp includes the American troops, the rebels had already presided over a death camp. Largely because of this, the Nazis (SS guards) did not manage to cover up the traces of their horrible crimes and the testimony of prisoners reached the international Nuremberg Tribunal.[6] April 11 - the day of entry of American troops into the territory of Buchenwald - and was adopted by the United Nations as the date when the planet marks the International Day of liberation of Nazi concentration camps.[7][8]

Total in the territories controlled by the Germans, was contained in concentration camps, death camps, prisons 18 000 000 people. Of these, more than 11 million were killed. Among the dead - 5 million citizens of the USSR, as well as 6 million Jews from different countries.[9] Every fifth prisoner was a child (there are more terrible figures "contained more than 20 million people from 30 countries, 12 million did not live up to the release of" [10]).

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