Inventory of Conflict and Environment

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The Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE) is a research project of the School of International Service (SIS) at American University in Washington, D.C.[1] The project makes use of computer applications in international relations research;[2] ICE is evolving as a pattern matching tool.[3] ICE establishes a perspective in which disaggregated data is combined with geographic information systems in the study of conflicts.

ICE Case studies are sets of categorical research projects meant to spur further research in specific areas of international dispute.[4] The ICE cases are related to SIS's Trade and Environment Database project (TED).[5] Since 1991, the TED and ICE projects have produced over a range of case study projects. Among the practical uses of such case studies, ICE provides information on environmental refugees and related issues.[6]

Search engine[edit]

ICE project is an evolving search engine and a tool for looking at international conflicts in the context of events and in contexts of similar and/or different typologies.[7]

The ICE system identifies the elements of conflict as aspects of a parsed scenario. Using ICE, an evaluation of any specific event or series of events facilitates consideration of an array of factors,[8] such as

The "inferential" ICE search engine offers a pattern matching system and an additional weighting component for the researcher's evaluation and analysis.[9]


  1. ^ Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), Mandala projects
  2. ^ Franzel, Joshua et al. "Inventory Building and Utilization with Information Technologies: The Use of Database and Pattern Matching Systems in Teaching and Research," The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, p. 2. 2005.
  3. ^ Franzel, p. 8.
  4. ^ ICE, Case studies
  5. ^ Trade and Environment Database (TED), project overview
  6. ^ Akashah, Mey. "Bytes of Note: The Fight and Flight of Environmental Change," Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development. May–June 2010.
  7. ^ School of International Service (SIS), ICE search engine.
  8. ^ SIS, How to Use and Interpret the Scores and Rankings
  9. ^ Franzel, p. 4.


External links[edit]