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Iosif Davidovich Amusin (Russian: Ио́сиф Дави́дович Аму́син; French: Joseph Amoussine, 29 November 1910, Vitebsk – 12 June 1984, Leningrad) was a Soviet historian, orientalist, hebraist and papyrologyst, was specialist in the history of the Ancient Near East and Qumran studies.
Amusin was twice (in 1928 and 1938) arrested and sentenced for Zionist connections and "anti-Soviet" activity (acquitted posthumously in 1989). Graduated from the Historical Faculty of Leningrad University (1935–1941). Served as a medical officer during the Second World War.
After 1945, Amusin taught ancient history at the Leningrad Pedagogical Institute and the Leningrad University until the anti-Semitic campaign against the so-called "cosmopolitanism," when he lost his job and, after a long period of unemployment, began lecturing at the Ulianovsk Pedagogical Institute (1950–1954).
Upon returning in Leningrad in 1954, Amusin became a research fellow at the Institute of Archaeology and the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in Leningrad. From the late 1950s, he published about 100 works on the Qumran and Dead Sea Scrolls.
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