Irene Lekapene

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Irene Lekapene
Seal of Peter I of Bulgaria with Irene Lekapene.jpg
Seal depicting Irene with Peter I
Empress consort of Bulgaria
Born Unknown
Byzantine Empire
Spouse Peter I of Bulgaria
Issue Plenimir, Boris II, Roman
Father Christopher Lekapenos
Mother Augusta Sophia

Irene Lekapene (born Maria; Bulgarian: Ирина Лакапина, Greek: Μαρία/Ειρήνη Λακαπηνή, died ca. 966) was the Empress consort of Peter I of Bulgaria. She was а daughter of Christopher Lekapenos, son and co-emperor of Romanos I Lekapenos, and his wife Augusta Sophia.[1]

To prove himself a worthy successor to his father both at home and in the eyes of foreign governments, Bulgaria's new emperor Peter I made a show of force by invading Byzantine Thrace in May 927, but showed himself ready to negotiate for a more permanent peace. Romanos seized the occasion and proposed a marriage alliance between the imperial houses of Byzantium and Bulgaria to end the War of 913–927. Romanos arranged for a diplomatic marriage between his granddaughter Maria and the Bulgarian monarch.[2] For the first time in Byzantine history, a Byzantine princess was to be married to a foreign ruler and decades later, Constantine VII criticized Romanos for this concession. In October 927 Peter arrived near Constantinople to meet Romanos and signed the peace treaty, marrying Maria on November 8.[3] To signify the new era in Bulgaro-Byzantine relations, Maria was renamed Irene ("peace").

Irene and Peter I of Bulgaria had several children, including:

  • Plenimir
  • Boris II, who succeeded as emperor of Bulgaria in 969
  • Roman, who succeeded as emperor of Bulgaria in 977

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles William Previté-Orton (1975) Cambridge Medieval History, Shorter: Volume 1, The Later Roman Empire to the Twelfth Century. Volume 1 of The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History, ISBN 0-521-09976-5 p. 256
  2. ^ Milan Loos (1974). Dualist Heresy in the Middle Ages. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 382.
  3. ^ MARIA Lekapene. "The wife of Tsar Peter is the (unnamed) daughter of Christoforos according to Liudprand, the marriage taking place just after the Tsar's accession after which she adopted the name IRINA."