Iris verna

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Iris verna
Iris verna, Dwarf Iris.jpg
Iris verna var. verna
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Species: I. verna
Binomial name
Iris verna

Iris verna is a species of iris in the family Iridaceae, also in the subgenus of Iris. It also has the common name of Dwarf Violet Iris.[1] It ranges from Maryland, down the eastern coast of the United States to Florida (including Ohio[2])

Iris verna is commonly found growing in nutrient poor acidic soils, in mesic to dry woodlands. It blooms in spring and generally has light to deep blue or violet petals, but rarely can have white petals. The sepals have a golden yellow signal.[3] There are two variations, Iris verna var. verna and Iris verna var. smalliana. Iris verna var. verna grows on the coastal plains, while Iris verna var. smalliana grows in more mountainous regions.[4]


  1. ^ "Iris verna L. var. verna dwarf violet iris". Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Tom S. Cooperrider, Allison Cusick, John T. Kartesz (Editors) Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ohio&pg=PA92 agWRx_4tfLoC , p. 92, at Google Books
  3. ^ "Iris verna var. verna: Coastal Plain Dwarf Violet Iris". US Forest service. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  4. ^ "Iris verna". The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 2013-09-12.