Islington North (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Islington North in Greater London.
|Electorate||68,777 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Jeremy Corbyn (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Islington North / / is a constituency created in 1885 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Jeremy Corbyn of the Labour Party.[n 1] Corbyn has been Leader of the Labour Party and the Opposition since September 2015.
- 1 Political history
- 2 Proposed abolition
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Election results
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 6 Further information
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 Bibliography
The constituency has at each election since a 1937 by-election elected the Labour Party candidate. The narrowest winner's majority over the runner up in this time excluding the by-election itself was in a by-election in 1969: 10.4% of the vote which showed the seat on a very low turnout to be marginal in majority on its then boundaries, with its contemporary demography and prevailing political context at the time, during the final year of the Second Wilson Ministry.
By contrast the continuous victor since 1983, Jeremy Corbyn, has attained a smallest majority of 15.3% in 1983 and maximum majority of 55.6% in 1997. In four elections during Corbyn's tenure the runner up party has been the Liberal Democrats. The 2015 result made the seat the 26th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
The seat was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, as one of four divisions of the new parliamentary borough of Islington. The constituency was defined in the legislation as consisting of the single ward of Upper Holloway of the parish of Islington. The ward was one of eight used in the election of Islington vestrymen under the Metropolis Management Act 1855.
Under the next redistribution of seats by the Representation of the People Act 1918 constituencies in the County of London were defined in terms of wards of the metropolitan boroughs created in 1900. Islington North comprised three wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Islington: Tollington, Tufnell and Upper Holloway.
At the next redistribution of seats by the Representation of the People Act 1948 the constituency was again defined as Tollington, Tufnell and Upper Holloway wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, with boundaries as they existed at the end of 1947.
In 1965 local government in Greater London was reorganised, with the formation of London boroughs. The changes were reflected in parliamentary boundaries from 1974. The London Borough of Islington was divided into three constituencies. Islington North was defined as comprising seven wards: Highview, Hillmarton, Hillrise, Junction, Parkway, St. George's and Station.
In 1983 the parliamentary representation of Islington was reduced to two constituencies. The new, enlarged, Islington North was formed from ten wards of the borough as they existed in February 1983. These were Gillespie, Highbury, Highview, Hillrise, Junction, Mildmay, Quadrant, St. George's, Sussex and Tollington wards.
In 1997 there were only slight boundary changes, with the constituency defined as the same ten wards with their boundaries as they existed on 1 June 1994.
The constituency now comprises eight wards:
Finsbury Park, Highbury East, Highbury West, Hillrise, Junction, Mildmay, St. George's and Tollington.
These boundaries have been considerably changed since 1970, when Islington returned three MPs and shared another with Hackney. This reflects the depopulation of central London on a lowering of adult occupancy of households and the local authority has replaced tower blocks. The core of the constituency was the area north of Seven Sisters Road and Camden Road. At .735 square kilometres (0.284 sq mi), it is the smallest UK Parliamentary constituency. At the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies begun in 2012 the seat was approximately 1,300 electors below the electoral quota and the highest concentration of elector density nationally. The criteria of successive reviews emphasise equal electorates as well as restricting seats to one or, if unavoidable, two local authority areas. The criteria feed critiques of entrenched Labour and Conservative "safe seats" which find themselves concentrated within needy and affluent local authorities respectively.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Julian Gregory||3,984||8.1||−18.6|
|Socialist (GB)||Bill Martin||112||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Rhodri Jamieson-Ball||11,875||26.7||−3.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Laura Willoughby||9,402||29.9||+10.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Laura Willoughby||5,741||19.0||+5.4|
|Socialist Labour||Stephen Cook||512||1.7||N/A|
|Reform 2000 Party||Emine Hassan||139||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||James Kempton||4,879||13.6||−1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Ludford||5,732||15.1||−6.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Alan Whelan||8,560||21.8||−0.6|
|Conservative||David A. Coleman||9,344||25.3||−8.3|
|Social Democratic||John Grant||8,268||22.4||+13.5|
|Independent Labour||Michael O'Halloran||4,091||11.1||N/A|
|BNP||L. A. D. Bearsford-Walker||176||0.5||N/A|
|Independent||Roy A. J. Lincoln||134||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||S. Hook||501||2.1||N/A|
|Socialist Unity||M. Simpson||438||1.9||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||R. McCullogh||217||0.9||N/A|
|Labour and Democrat||D. Fallon||558||2.5||+0.3|
|National Front||J. Score||871||3.4||−2.2|
|Labour and Democrat||D. Fallon||570||2.2||N/A|
|National Front||Brian Green||1,232||5.6|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Eric G. Thwaites||1,514||10.2||+0.4|
|Independent Socialist||Austin Williams||245||1.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Eric G. Thwaites||2,682||9.85|
|Liberal||Eric G. Thwaites||3,634||12.95|
Elections in the 1950s
|Ind. Labour Party||Jim McKie||576||2.9||N/A|
|Liberal||Robert Eric Burns||2,189||4.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1940s
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||6.9|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+8.0|
|Labour||Ewart Gladstone Culpin||12,376||35.3|
|Liberal||Norman Thomas Carr Sargant||7,136||20.3|
|Liberal||Norman Thomas Carr Sargant||10,219||34.6||+9.4|
|Liberal||Norman Thomas Carr Sargant||7,256||25.2|
Elections in the 1910s
|British Socialist Party||John Arnall||4,000||19.3||n/a|
|Liberal||Norman Thomas Carr Sargant||2,529||12.2|
- endorsed by Coalition Government
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||George Trout Bartley||4,418|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative||George Trout Bartley||4,881||65.5|
|Liberal||Edmund Charles Rawlings||2,567||34.5|
Michael O'Halloran, elected Labour MP for Islington North in 1969, was the subject of an investigation in the early 1970s by The Sunday Times newspaper. They highlighted his background with a local building company and the local Irish community and queried the tactics of his supporters during his selection as candidate.
O'Halloran joined the SDP in September 1981, as did both of the other Islington MPs. However the Boundary Commission cut the number of constituencies in Islington from three to two. O'Halloran sought selection as the SDP candidate for the revised Islington North constituency but the local SDP association selected John Grant, then SDP (elected as Labour) MP for Islington Central, as its official candidate. In February 1983, O'Halloran resigned his membership of the SDP and sat in Parliament as an "Independent Labour" member, supporting the Parliamentary Labour Party. Despite this, he failed to regain the Labour Party nomination for the 1983 General Election and he was defeated by the new Labour candidate, Jeremy Corbyn, coming fourth with 11.1% of the vote.
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater London
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Islington
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Jeremy Corbyn's parliamentary seat 'could be abolished'". BBC News. 12 September 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
- Redistribution Of Seats Act, 1885. Sixth Schedule. Divisions Of Boroughs. Number, Names, Contents, And Boundaries Of Divisions.
- Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 743, 746, 749. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
- Representation Of The People Act 1918. Ninth Schedule. Redistribution Of Seats.
- Representation Of The People Act 1948, First Schedule. Parliamentary Constituencies.
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970/1674)
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983/417)
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives (United Kingdom). Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/1681)". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives (United Kingdom). Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Parliamentary constituencies, UK Parliament; Accessed 12 August 2015
- Fifth Periodical Report
- The wards of the United Kingdom comprising this seat have had a Labour majority of councillors since the first election in the Borough in 1964, likewise ultra-safe Tory seats in Buckinghamshire which had had a Conservative majority of councillors since at least World War II.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Islington Council Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- General Election - Campaign News Socialist Party of Great Britain, 15 January 2015
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Islington Council Archived 3 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Camberwell and Peckham
|Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition