|Elevation||480 m (1,570 ft)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Itang (also spelled Etang; Ethiopic: ኢታንግ) is a town in the Gambela Region in western Ethiopia. Within Gambela, Itang belongs to Itang woreda which forms a special woreda. Located on the Openo River, this town has a latitude and longitude of with an elevation of 480 meters above sea level.
Itang was visited in April 1900 by H.H. Austin who spent several days there during his return journey from Ethiopia by way of the Openo River.
The town's importance can be traced to Article IV of the treaty signed by Emperor Menelik and the British minister, Harrington, in May 1902, which defined the boundary between Ethiopia and Sudan and designated the Itang area as a British trading enclave. However, Itang was too far from the Ethiopian Plateau, and after the Ethiopian government authorized the transfer on 8 October 1904, the concession was moved upstream to Gambela.
Itang was partially flooded by the Openo in mid-1998 and July–August 1999.
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this town has an estimated total population of 3,601 of whom 1,929 were males and 1,672 were females. The 1994 national census reported this town had a total population of 2,106 of whom 1,176 were males and 930 were females.
- "Census 2007", first draft, p. 81
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4
- Austin, "Survey of the Sobat Region", Geographical Journal, 17 (1901), p. 508
- Bahru Zewde, "An Overview and Assessment of Gambela Trade (1904-1935)", International Journal of African Historical Studies, 20 (1987), pp. 79f
- John Young, "Along Ethiopia's Western Frontier: Gambela and Benishangul in Transition", Journal of Modern African Studies, 37 (1999), p. 331
- "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 1 June 2008)
- The 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Gambela Region, vol.1, p. 36