Ivan Ivanovich Artobolevski
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Ivan Ivanovich Artobolevskii (September 26 (9 October), 1905, Moscow, Russian Empire - 21 September 1977, Moscow, USSR ) was a Soviet scientist and engineer, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and Hero of Socialist Labor.
Artobolevskii was born into a clerical family in 1905. In 1938, at the time of the Great Purges, his father was shot. In 1926, he graduated from the Moscow Agricultural Academy Timiryazev. In 1927, he graduated from the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow State University, and afterwords worked in teaching. Between 1932 and 1949 he was a professor at Moscow State University, first working in the Department of Theoretical Mechanics. In 1941, with Boris Bulgakov, Artobolevskii established the Department of Applied Mechanics, and served as its head from 1941 to 1944. From 1937, he also worked at the Institute of Mechanical Engineering, and from 1942 was also a professor at the Moscow Aviation Institute.
In 1939, Artobolevskii was elected a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and in 1946 became a full member.
During the Second World War, he was chairman of the All-Union Scientific Society of Mechanical Engineers (VNITOMASh).
Honors and awards
- 1969 - Hero of Socialist Labor.
- 1945 - Honored Scientist of the RSFSR.
- 1946 - Prize of Chebyshev.
- 1959 - World Peace Council awarded the silver medal of the Joliot-Curie.
- 1966 - Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences awarded the silver medal "For merits in development of science and society."
- 1967 - The Institute of Mechanical Engineers (UK) awarded the International Gold Medal J. Watt .
He also was awarded the Order of Lenin (1954,1965,1967,1969), the Order of the Red Banner (1945), as well as medals "For the Defense of Moscow (1944)," For heroic trud.V commemorate the 100th anniversary of VI Lenin (1970), "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." (1975)
Was a founder of the IFToMM - International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science.
Theory of machines and mechanisms problems of theoretical and experimental methods for studying the dynamics of working machines.
Developed a classification of spatial mechanisms and gave methods for kinematic analysis created methods of kinematic analysis of complex multi-tier mechanism (1939).
- The site of war heroes