Józef Gołuchowski

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Józef Gołuchowski. Portrait by Maksymilian Fajans.

Józef Gołuchowski (1797–1858) was a Polish philosopher.[1]

Gołuchowski, a professor at Wilno University, was co-creator of the Polish Romanticist "national philosophy." He preached the concept of the nation as a creation of God, with a peculiar "national spirit," that realized the ideal of a hierarchical society in which each individual is a necessary fragment of the whole. He opposed 18th-century materialist philosophy from an irrationalist position. In the theory of knowledge, he preached the primacy of feeling and intuition over reason.[1]

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  1. ^ a b "Gołuchowski, Józef," Encyklopedia Powszechna PWN (PWN Universal Encyclopedia), Warsaw, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, vol. 2, 1974, p. 84.