JQ1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
JQ1
JQ1.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(S)-tert-butyl 2-(4-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,3,9-trimethyl-6H-thieno[3,2-f][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]diazepin-6-yl)acetate
Identifiers
CAS Number 1268524-70-4 YesY
PubChem CID 46907787
IUPHAR/BPS 7511
ChemSpider 26323622
Chemical data
Formula C23H25ClN4O2S
Molar mass 456.987 g/mol

JQ1 is a thienotriazolodiazepine and a potent inhibitor of the BET family of bromodomain proteins which include BRD2, BRD3, BRD4, and the testis-specific protein BRDT in mammals. BET inhibitors structurally similar to JQ1 are being tested in clinical trials for a variety of cancers including NUT midline carcinoma.[1] It was developed by the James Bradner laboratory at Brigham and Women's Hospital and named after chemist Jun Qi. The chemical structure was inspired by patent of similar BET inhibitors by Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma [WO/2009/084693]. Structurally it is related to benzodiazepines. While widely used in laboratory applications, JQ1 is not itself being used in human clinical trials because it has a short half life.

Efficacy in mouse models of cancer[edit]

Interest in JQ1 as a cancer therapeutic stemmed from its ability to inhibit BRD4 and BRD3, both of which form fusion oncogenes that drive NUT midline carcinoma.[2][3] Subsequent work demonstrated that a number of cancers including some forms of acute myleogenous leukemia (AML) and multiple myleoma (MM) were also highly sensitive to BET inhibitors.[4]

In other applications[edit]

JQ1 has also been investigated for other applications in the treatment of HIV infection,[5] as a male contraceptive,[6] and in slowing the progression of heart disease.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=bet+inhibitor&Search=Search"
  2. ^ Filippakopoulos, P.; Qi, J.; Picaud, S.; Shen, Y.; Smith, W. B.; Fedorov, O.; Morse, E. M.; Keates, T.; Hickman, T. T.; Felletar, I.; Philpott, M.; Munro, S.; McKeown, M. R.; Wang, Y.; Christie, A. L.; West, N.; Cameron, M. J.; Schwartz, B.; Heightman, T. D.; La Thangue, N.; French, C. A.; Wiest, O.; Kung, A. L.; Knapp, S.; Bradner, J. E. (2010). "Selective inhibition of BET bromodomains". Nature 468 (7327): 1067–1073. doi:10.1038/nature09504. PMC 3010259. PMID 20871596. 
  3. ^ Schwartz, B. E.; Hofer, M. D.; Lemieux, M. E.; Bauer, D. E.; Cameron, M. J.; West, N. H.; Agoston, E. S.; Reynoird, N; Khochbin, S; Ince, T. A.; Christie, A; Janeway, K. A.; Vargas, S. O.; Perez-Atayde, A. R.; Aster, J. C.; Sallan, S. E.; Kung, A. L.; Bradner, J. E.; French, C. A. (2011). "Differentiation of NUT midline carcinoma by epigenomic reprogramming". Cancer Research 71 (7): 2686–96. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-3513. PMC 3070805. PMID 21447744. 
  4. ^ Belkina, A. C.; Denis, G. V. (2012). "BET domain co-regulators in obesity, inflammation and cancer". Nature Reviews Cancer 12 (7): 465–77. doi:10.1038/nrc3256. PMC 3934568. PMID 22722403. Shi, J; Vakoc, C. R. (2014). "The mechanisms behind the therapeutic activity of BET bromodomain inhibition". Molecular Cell 54 (5): 728–36. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.05.016. PMC 4236231. PMID 24905006. 
  5. ^ Banerjee, C.; Archin, N.; Michaels, D.; Belkina, A. C.; Denis, G. V.; Bradner, J.; Sebastiani, P.; Margolis, D. M.; Montano, M. (2012). "BET bromodomain inhibition as a novel strategy for reactivation of HIV-1". Journal of Leukocyte Biology 92 (6): 1147–1154. doi:10.1189/jlb.0312165. PMC 3501896. PMID 22802445. 
  6. ^ Matzuk, M. M.; McKeown, M. R.; Filippakopoulos, P.; Li, Q.; Ma, L.; Agno, J. E.; Lemieux, M. E.; Picaud, S.; Yu, R. N.; Qi, J.; Knapp, S.; Bradner, J. E. (2012). "Small-Molecule Inhibition of BRDT for Male Contraception". Cell 150 (4): 673–684. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2012.06.045. PMC 3420011. PMID 22901802. 
  7. ^ Anand, P.; Brown, J. D.; Lin, C. Y.; Qi, J.; Zhang, R.; Artero, P. C.; Alaiti, M. A.; Bullard, J.; Alazem, K.; Margulies, K. B.; Cappola, T. P.; Lemieux, M.; Plutzky, J.; Bradner, J. E.; Haldar, S. M. (2013). "BET Bromodomains Mediate Transcriptional Pause Release in Heart Failure". Cell 154 (3): 569. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2013.07.013. PMID 23911322.