JQ1

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JQ1
JQ1.svg
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEBI
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC23H25ClN4O2S
Molar mass456.987 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

JQ1 is a thienotriazolodiazepine and a potent inhibitor of the BET family of bromodomain proteins which include BRD2, BRD3, BRD4, and the testis-specific protein BRDT in mammals. BET inhibitors structurally similar to JQ1 are being tested in clinical trials for a variety of cancers including NUT midline carcinoma.[1] It was developed by the James Bradner laboratory at Brigham and Women's Hospital and named after chemist Jun Qi. The chemical structure was inspired by patent of similar BET inhibitors by Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma [WO/2009/084693]. Structurally it is related to benzodiazepines. While widely used in laboratory applications, JQ1 is not itself being used in human clinical trials because it has a short half life.

Efficacy in mouse models of cancer[edit]

Interest in JQ1 as a cancer therapeutic stemmed from its ability to inhibit BRD4 and BRD3, both of which form fusion oncogenes that drive NUT midline carcinoma.[2][3] Subsequent work demonstrated that a number of cancers including some forms of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), multiple myeloma (MM) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were also highly sensitive to BET inhibitors.[4][5]

In other applications[edit]

JQ1 has also been investigated for other applications in the treatment of HIV infection,[6] as a male contraceptive,[7] and in slowing the progression of heart disease.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=bet+inhibitor&Search=Search"
  2. ^ Filippakopoulos, P. t; Qi, J.; Picaud, S.; Shen, Y.; Smith, W. B.; Fedorov, O.; Morse, E. M.; Keates, T.; Hickman, T. T.; Felletar, I.; Philpott, M.; Munro, S.; McKeown, M. R.; Wang, Y.; Christie, A. L.; West, N.; Cameron, M. J.; Schwartz, B.; Heightman, T. D.; La Thangue, N.; French, C. A.; Wiest, O.; Kung, A. L.; Knapp, S.; Bradner, J. E. (2010). "Selective inhibition of BET bromodomains". Nature. 468 (7327): 1067–1073. doi:10.1038/nature09504. PMC 3010259. PMID 20871596.
  3. ^ Schwartz, B. E.; Hofer, M. D.; Lemieux, M. E.; Bauer, D. E.; Cameron, M. J.; West, N. H.; Agoston, E. S.; Reynoird, N; Khochbin, S; Ince, T. A.; Christie, A; Janeway, K. A.; Vargas, S. O.; Perez-Atayde, A. R.; Aster, J. C.; Sallan, S. E.; Kung, A. L.; Bradner, J. E.; French, C. A. (2011). "Differentiation of NUT midline carcinoma by epigenomic reprogramming". Cancer Research. 71 (7): 2686–96. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-3513. PMC 3070805. PMID 21447744.
  4. ^ Belkina, A. C.; Denis, G. V. (2012). "BET domain co-regulators in obesity, inflammation and cancer". Nature Reviews Cancer. 12 (7): 465–77. doi:10.1038/nrc3256. PMC 3934568. PMID 22722403.Shi, J; Vakoc, C. R. (2014). "The mechanisms behind the therapeutic activity of BET bromodomain inhibition". Molecular Cell. 54 (5): 728–36. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.05.016. PMC 4236231. PMID 24905006.
  5. ^ Da Costa, D.; Agathanggelou, A.; Perry, T.; Weston, V.; Petermann, E.; Zlatanou, A.; Oldreive, C.; Wei, W.; Stewart, G. (2013-07-19). "BET inhibition as a single or combined therapeutic approach in primary paediatric B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia". Blood Cancer Journal. 3 (7): e126. doi:10.1038/bcj.2013.24. PMC 3730202. PMID 23872705.
  6. ^ Banerjee, C.; Archin, N.; Michaels, D.; Belkina, A. C.; Denis, G. V.; Bradner, J.; Sebastiani, P.; Margolis, D. M.; Montano, M. (2012). "BET bromodomain inhibition as a novel strategy for reactivation of HIV-1". Journal of Leukocyte Biology. 92 (6): 1147–1154. doi:10.1189/jlb.0312165. PMC 3501896. PMID 22802445.
  7. ^ Matzuk, M. M.; McKeown, M. R.; Filippakopoulos, P.; Li, Q.; Ma, L.; Agno, J. E.; Lemieux, M. E.; Picaud, S.; Yu, R. N.; Qi, J.; Knapp, S.; Bradner, J. E. (2012). "Small-Molecule Inhibition of BRDT for Male Contraception". Cell. 150 (4): 673–684. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2012.06.045. PMC 3420011. PMID 22901802.
  8. ^ Anand, P.; Brown, J. D.; Lin, C. Y.; Qi, J.; Zhang, R.; Artero, P. C.; Alaiti, M. A.; Bullard, J.; Alazem, K.; Margulies, K. B.; Cappola, T. P.; Lemieux, M.; Plutzky, J.; Bradner, J. E.; Haldar, S. M. (2013). "BET Bromodomains Mediate Transcriptional Pause Release in Heart Failure". Cell. 154 (3): 569. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2013.07.013. PMC 4090947. PMID 23911322.