James Stewart, Duke of Ross

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James Stewart, Duke of Ross (March 1476 – January 1504) was the son of King James III of Scotland and Margaret of Denmark.

Titles and offices[edit]

He was made Marquess of Ormond at his baptism. He was created Earl of Ross in 1481 after that title was forfeited to the crown by John, Lord of the Isles.

Of his father's three sons, James of Ross was the favourite. James III even tried to marry him to Edward IV's daughter, Catherine of York. This increasing preference shown to James of Ross was a factor in the rebellion of his elder brother (the future James IV) against their father; and later, as king, James IV was suspicious of his brother's loyalty.

Nonetheless, when the elder James succeeded to the crown in 1488, he raised James of Ross's title to Duke of Ross.

Around May 1497, his brother the King nominated James of Ross (then twenty years old) to be Archbishop of St Andrews. King James thought that would keep James of Ross from rebelling against him. Also, James of Ross was a minor, and so the revenues of the archbishopric would be controlled by King James.[1]

James of Ross also became Lord Chancellor of Scotland in 1502.

Name[edit]

He was one of three brothers, his two brothers being King James IV of Scotland and John Stewart, Earl of Mar. It may seem surprising that there were two brothers both called James. It has been suggested that at the time the younger was born the older was seriously ill and seemed unlikely to survive, but it is unclear whether there is any evidence for this hypothesis. In late mediaeval Scotland it was not uncommon to have two brothers with the same Christian name, or occasionally even three.[2]

References[edit]

[1] MacDougall, Norman., James IV (Edinburgh, 1989)

Ancestry[edit]

Religious titles
Preceded by
William Scheves
Archbishop of St. Andrews
1497–1504
Succeeded by
Alexander Stewart
Preceded by
George Crichton
Commendator of Dunfermline
1500–1504
Succeeded by
James Beaton *
*His immediate successor may
have been Gilbert Strachan.
Academic offices
Preceded by
William Scheves
Archbishop of St Andrews
Chancellor of the University of St Andrews
1497–1504
Succeeded by
Alexander Stewart
Archbishop of St Andrews
Political offices
Preceded by
2nd Earl of Huntly
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
1502–1504
Succeeded by
in 1510
Alexander Stewart
Scottish royalty
Preceded by
James IV of Scotland
Heir to the Scottish throne
as heir presumptive

11 June 1488–January 1504
Succeeded by
John Stewart, Duke of Albany
Peerage of Scotland
New title Duke of Ross
1481–1504
Extinct
Marquess of Ormonde
1488–1504

References[edit]

  1. ^ Norman MacDougall. James IV
  2. ^ Black The Surnames of Scotland