James A. Berlin
James A. Berlin (7 January 1942 – 2 February 1994) was a theorist in the field of composition studies known for his scholarship on the history of rhetoric and composition theory.
Berlin was born in Hamtramck, Michigan and attended St. Florian High School. He earned his BA from Central Michigan University and his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in Victorian literature in 1975. He served as a professor of English at Wichita State University, at the University of Cincinnati, where he directed first-year English from 1981–85, and at Purdue University from 1987-1994. Between Cincinnati and Purdue, Berlin served as visiting professor at the University of Texas and at Penn State University.
Along with other leading figures in contemporary rhetorical theory such as Lisa Ede, Robert Inkster, Charles Kneupper, Linda Flower, Janice Lauer, and Victor Vitanza, Berlin participated in an NEH fellowship-in-residence to work with Richard Young on the topic of rhetorical invention. It was at this stage in his career that Berlin invested heavily in the work of Karl Marx, which it was said[by whom?] was perhaps one of the most joyous periods in his professional life. Later, Berlin would draw upon Göran Therborn's version of Marxist ideology, particularly because Berlin found in Therborn a comrade who recognized the power and function of rhetorical principles.
On the evening of 2 February 1994, Berlin suffered a fatal heart attack shortly after completing a five-mile run.
Rhetorics, Poetics, and Cultures: Refiguring College English Studies. Urbana, Illinois: NCTE, 1996.
Rhetoric and Reality: Writing Instruction in American Colleges. 1900-1985. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1987.
Writing Instruction in Nineteenth-Century American Colleges. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1984.
Major articles and chapters
"Cultural Studies." Encyclopedia of Rhetoric and Composition. Ed. Theresa Enos. NY: Garland, 1996. 154-56.
"Poststructuralism, Cultural Studies, and the Composition Classroom." Rhetoric Review 11 (Fall 1992): 16-33. Rpt. Professing the New Rhetoric. Ed. Theresa Enos and Stuart C. Brown. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1994. 461-480.
"Revisionary Histories of Rhetoric: Politics, Power, and Plurality." Writing Histories of Rhetoric. Ed. Victor J. Vitanza. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1994. 112-127.
"Composition Studies and Cultural Studies: Collapsing Boundaries." Into the Field: Sites of Composition Studies. Ed. Anne Ruggles Gere. NY: MLA,1993. 99-116.
"Composition and Cultural Studies." Composition and Resistance. Eds. Hurlbert, C. Mark and Michael Blitz. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1991.
"Postmodernism, Politics, and Histories of Rhetorics." PRE/TEXT 11.3-4 (1990): 169-187.
"Rhetoric and Ideology in the Writing Class." College English 50 (1988): 477-494.
Berlin, James A., et al. Octalog. "The Politics of Historiography." Rhetoric Review 7 (1988): 5-49.
"Revisionary History: The Dialectical Method." PRE/TEXT 8.1-2 (1987): 47-61.
"Rhetoric and Poetics in the English Department: Our Nineteenth-Century Inheritance." College English 47 (1985): 531-533.
"Contemporary Composition: The Major Pedagogical Theories." College English 44 (1982): 765-777.
Berlin, James A., and Robert P. Inkster. "Current-Traditional Rhetoric: Paradigm and Practice." Freshman English News 8. 3 (Winter 1980): 1-4, 13-14.
"Richard Whately and Current-Traditional Rhetoric." College English 42 (September 1980): 10-17.
- Inventory to the James Berlin Papers, 1978–1994 (PDF). Purdue University Libraries Archives and Special Collections. 2006. p. 4. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Berlin, James (1996). Rhetorics, Poetics, and Cultures. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English. p. 181. ISBN 0-8141-4145-5. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
According to his computer record, on the morning of February 2, 1994, Jim was working on the final revision of this manuscript. That evening, after completing his usual five-mile run, he returned home and suffered a heart attack from which he did not recover.