James B. Black
|James B. "Jim" Black|
|Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives|
from the 100th district
|Succeeded by||Tricia Cotham|
|Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives|
|Preceded by||Harold J. Brubaker|
|Succeeded by||Joe Hackney|
James Boyce Black|
March 25, 1935
Matthews, North Carolina
|Residence||Matthews, North Carolina|
|Alma mater||Southern College of Optometry, O.D.|
James "Jim" Boyce Black (born March 25, 1935) is a member of the North Carolina Democratic Party, and a former member of the North Carolina General Assembly, who represented the state's 100th House district, including constituents in Mecklenburg County. An optometrist from Matthews, North Carolina, Black was elected to 11 (non-consecutive) terms in the House of Representatives, and served as Speaker of the House from January 1999 through the end of 2006, when scandal forced him to give up the leadership post. For the 2003-2004 legislative session Black was elected to serve as "Co-Speaker" with Republican Richard T. Morgan serving as the other Co-Speaker. He is tied with Liston B. Ramsey as longest-serving Speaker in state history.
Fall from power
In 2005 and 2006, Black was linked to a series of scandals involving, among other things, the party-switching Rep. Michael P. Decker, and the North Carolina lottery, established the previous year. The proceedings led to convictions for several involved figures, including Decker, media and public relations consultant Kevin L. Geddings and political aide Meredith Norris. Decker testified under oath that he instigated a bribery scheme of which Black was alleged to be a "co-conspirator". Black has consistently denied those allegations.
Black was re-elected in November 2006, over Republican political novice Hal Jordan. Meanwhile, he led efforts to increase the Democratic majority in the State House.
In December 2006, Black announced that he would not seek another term as Speaker. That was followed in January 2007 by his announcement that he would not run for re-election to the House in 2008.
Black pleaded guilty to a federal charge of public corruption on February 15, 2007, a felony carrying a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison and a $250,000 fine. He admitted to accepting funds from chiropractors while their professional group had legislation pending in the North Carolina General Assembly. As a result, he resigned from the General Assembly on February 14, 2007.
Federal prosecutors have said the plea deal with Black involves his assistance in their continued investigation into political corruption in North Carolina government.
Black's agreement with federal prosecutors did not protect him from state prosecution. Indeed, days after his federal plea, he entered into a separate Alford plea agreement with the district attorney of Wake County, whose jurisdiction includes the state capital, Raleigh.
On July 11, 2007, Black was sentenced by Judge Terrence Boyle to five years, three months in prison, three years of probation, and a $50,000 fine. Black was sentenced in state court as well in 2007 and 2009, but was allowed to serve his state sentences concurrently with his federal prison time.
In 2010, Black was released from federal prison in Georgia and returned to Mecklenburg County to serve the remaining six months of his term either at a halfway house or under house arrest.
- “Black, Morgan Elected Co-Speakers Of State House.”. WRAL-TV, Raleigh, NC. February 5, 2003. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-04-06. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- North Carolina General Assembly - Representative James B. Black (Democrat, 2007-2008 Session)
- Christensen, Rob. "Trial shows capital's shady side."[permanent dead link]. The News & Observer, Raleigh, North Carolina. October 13, 2006. Retrieved October 17, 2006.
- "Black drops out of speaker race" Archived 2007-01-10 at the Wayback Machine.. The News & Observer, Raleigh, North Carolina. December 13, 2006. Retrieved December 13, 2006.
- newsobserver.com | NC News Wire[permanent dead link]
- Black resigns, will plead today Archived 2007-05-14 at Archive.is
- newsobserver.com | Black pleads guilty to corruption charge Archived 2007-02-17 at the Wayback Machine.
- Home Page | www.charlotteobserver.com
- newsobserver.com | Black's tumble continues with new plea[permanent dead link]
- newsobserver.com | Jim Black gets 63 months in prison Archived 2007-07-13 at the Wayback Machine.
- newsobserver.com | Black sentenced, fined $1 million Archived 2007-09-20 at the Wayback Machine.
- News & Observer: Jim Black sentenced for bribery Archived 2009-07-19 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- News & Observer "Under the Dome" Profile of Black
- Carolina Journal - Spotlight on Speaker Jim Black
- Black's Plea Agreement with U.S. Attorneys
Harold J. Brubaker
| Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives