James Bruce Jardine

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James Bruce Jardine
Born 1870
Died 17 March 1955
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch 5th Lancers
Years of service 1890–1919
Rank Brigadier-General
Awards Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Other work Deputy Lieutenant of Roxburghshire

Brigadier General James Bruce Jardine CMG DSO DL (1870 – 17 March 1955) was a British soldier and diplomat. He earned the rank of Brigadier-General in the service of the 5th Lancers.[1]

Family life[edit]

Jardine was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1870 and was educated at Charterhouse School and then the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. Jardine was the grandson of the explorer James Bruce who traced the source of the Nile River; and he was named for that maternal ancestor.[2] In December 1908, he married Agnes Sara Hargreaves Brown.[3] His wife was the daughter of Sir Alexander Brown, 1st Baronet.[4]


Jardine joined the 5th Lancers in 1890 and saw active service in the Second Boer War, including the defence of Ladysmith and the sortie of 7 December 1899. He was appointed a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order in November 1900, for his actions in South Africa.[5]

In 1904, Captain Jardine was sent to Tokyo to learn the Japanese language.[4] He and his superiors were anticipating what would become the Russo-Japanese War.[6] He was posted to the British legation as one of several military attachés, including Captain Alexander Bannerman, Captain Berkeley Vincent[4] and Captain Arthur Hart-Synnot.[7]

When the First World War began, Jardine held the rank of Major.[3] He commanded 97th Brigade of 32nd Division during the Battle of the Somme in 1916.[8]

In later life, Jardine was named Deputy Lieutenant (DL) of Roxburghshire, Scotland,[1] and from 1952 an ensign in the Royal Company of Archers.

Honours and awards[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "Brig.-Gen. James Bruce Jardine, ID #309580". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ Old Country Houses of Glasgow County, Scotland: Hallside
  3. ^ a b Burke, John et al. (1914). Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, p. 312., p. 312, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b c Merchant Networks (Anglo-Australian genealogy website): 28. "Sir Bart, merchant, Brown. Shipley and Co Brown Alexander Hargreaves-55317"
  5. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 27359. p. 6304. 27 September 1901.
  6. ^ Great Britain War Office. (1906). The Russo-Japanese War, p. 138; Anglo-Boer War: Jardine bio – n.b., Capt. Jardine DSO, 5th Lancers.
  7. ^ Towle, Philip. (1982). Estimating Foreign Military Power, p. 131., p. 131, at Google Books
  8. ^ [1]