James Caulfeild, 8th Viscount Charlemont

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James Edward Caulfeild, 8th Viscount Charlemont, PC (NI), DL (12 May 1880 – 20 August 1949) was an Irish Peer, elected to the British House of Lords as a Representative Peer and to the Parliament of Northern Ireland as a Senator. He sat in Stormont's upper house from 1925 to 1937 and was Minister for Education for all but the first of his years.

Lord Charlemont was born in London to an Irish family, son of the Hon. Marcus Caulfeild, CB, and Gwyn Williams (granddaughter of Sir Robert Williams, Bart.). Educated at Winchester, he married twice; firstly to Evelyn Hull of Park Gate House, Surrey and, secondly, in 1940 to Hildegarde Slock-Cottell of Belgium.

Lord Charlemont lived at Newcastle, County Down.

He inherited the Viscountcy of Charlemont and Barony of Caulfeild from his uncle in 1913. Having no children the titles passed, on his death, to his cousin.

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Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Londonderry
Minister of Education
1926–1937
Succeeded by
John Hanna Robb
Preceded by
The Marquess of Londonderry
Leader of the Senate of Northern Ireland
1926–1937
Succeeded by
John Hanna Robb
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
James Alfred Caulfeild
Viscount Charlemont
1913–1949
Succeeded by
Charles Edward St George Caulfeild