James E. Kelly (artist)
|James E. Kelly|
July 30, 1855|
New York City
|Died||May 25, 1933
New York City
|Known for||Sculptor, Illustrator|
|Notable work||General Buford Memorial
Washington in Prayer
Born in New York City, he was six years old when the Civil War started. Perhaps because of that he early developed a lifelong interest in American history, particularly in the Civil War and in the generals who fought it. His intense studies into history allowed Kelly to bring to his work a degree of detail that makes his drawings and statues noteworthy.
He studied at the National Academy of Design, and was one of the founders of the Art Students League of New York. He worked as a wood engraver, as an illustrator for Harper's Monthly and other magazines, and for a time shared a studio with artist Edwin Austin Abbey.
Kelly, Daniel Chester French, and Cyrus Edwin Dallin were the finalists in an 1883 national design competition to model an equestrian statue of Paul Revere for Boston, Massachusetts. Dallin won the competition and the commission.
Kelly's first major commission was for the 1884 Monmouth Battle Monument – five bronze relief panels depicting scenes from the battle. He had a difficult time finding models who did not have mustaches or beards – then being worn by most men of that era – so he prevailed upon a friend from nearby Menlo Park, New Jersey, to pose for him. Because of that, a portrait of the 30-year-old Thomas Alva Edison can be found on the monument as Molly Pitcher's wounded husband.
Kelly was also known for his extremely detailed and accurate engravings on historical subjects, often commissioned by magazines. He was a careful researcher, interviewing the soldiers present at the Civil War battles he depicted, and exacting about getting the details right in his works. Late in life, he hoped to publish a book of his interviews with generals and other Civil War soldiers, but there was little interest.
He married Helen McKay (1871-1929), but no children survived them. He died in New York City, and was buried in an unmarked grave in Saint Raymond's Cemetery.
Historian William B. Styple edited Kelly's sometimes-provocative military interviews into a 2005 book, Generals in Bronze. Styple also raised funds to buy a headstone for Kelly's grave. On October 1, 2006, a black granite monument with Kelly's image carved into it and the words, "A Sculptor of American History" was placed over the artist's previously unmarked grave.
- Statuette of Sheridan's Ride, 1879.
- Statuette of Paul Revere's Ride, 1883.
- Five relief panels, Monmouth Battle Monument, Freehold, New Jersey, 1884:
- Ramsey Defending His Guns
- Washington Rallying the Troops
- Molly Pitcher
- Wayne's Charge
- Council of War at Hopewell, June 24, 1778
- 6th New York Cavalry Monument, Gettysburg Battlefield, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1889.
- Relief panel of General Fitzhugh's Charge
- Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Troy, New York, 1890.
- The Call to Arms, a 17-foot (5.2 m) bronze figure of a goddess grasping a sword and a trumpet, stands atop the granite column.
- Caspar Buberl modeled the four relief panels: Cavalry, Artillery, Infantry, The Monitor and the Merrimac
- Civil War Soldiers & Sailors Monument, Philipse Manor Hall State Historic Site, Yonkers, New York, 1891.
- General John Buford Memorial, Gettysburg Battlefield, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1895.
- Medalion of Battle of Long Island, before 1896.
- General Horatio G. Wright Monument. Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia, c. 1899.
- Commander Edward M. Hughes Memorial Tablet, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, after 1903.
- Relief panel of General George Washington in Prayer at Valley Forge, Federal Hall National Memorial, New York City, 1904.
- Equestrian statue of General Fitz-John Porter, Haven Park, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1904.
- Dedication plaque and 3 relief panels: Capture of Mexico City, Charging Malvern Hill, Balloon Reconnoitering.
- William McKinley Memorial, Park Drive & West Street, Wilmington, Delaware, 1906.
- Bust of Major General James H. Wilson, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, 1909.
- Memorial to the Defenders of New Haven, Defenders' Park, New Haven, Connecticut, 1911.
- Rochambeau Monument, Marion Avenue, Southington, Connecticut, 1912.
- Barbara Fritchie Monument, Mount Olivet Cemetery, Frederick, Maryland, 1914.
- Equestrian statue of Caesar Rodney, Rodney Square, Wilmington, Delaware, 1922.
- A statuette of Caesar Rodney and paintings by Kelly are at the Delaware Art Museum.
- Bust of General Oliver Otis Howard, Howard University, Washington, D.C.
6th New York Cavalry Monument (1889), Gettysburg Battlefield.
General Horatio G. Wright Monument (c. 1899), Arlington National Cemetery.
Washington in Prayer at Valley Forge (1904), Federal Hall National Memorial, New York City.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Edward Kelly.|
- Leach, p. 446.
- George Wharton James, Utah: The Land of Blossoming Valleys (Boston: The Page Company, 1922), p. 303.
- Leach, p. 450.
- William B. Styple at Kelly's grave from Mail & Media Inc.
- Monmouth Battle Monument from Richard Stockton College.
- McKinley Memorial from Flickr.
- Defenders' Monument from CT Monuments.
- Barbara Fritchie grave from DC Memorials.
- Hawthorne, Frederick W. Gettysburg: Stories of Men and Monuments. Gettysburg, PA: Association of Licensed Battlefield Guides, 1988. ISBN 0-9657444-0-X.
- Leach, Anna "A Sculptor of American History," Munsey's Magazine, vol. 14, no. 4 (January 1896), pp. 446–52.
- Opitz, Glenn B., ed. Mantle Fielding's Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers. Poughkeepsie, NY: Apollo Books, 1986. ISBN 978-0-938290-04-9.
- Styple, William B. Generals in Bronze: Interviewing the Commanders of the Civil War. Kearny, NJ: Belle Grove Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-883926-18-1.
- Whittemore, Francis Davis. George Washington in Sculpture. Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1933. OCLC 895551.