James Fletcher (industrialist)
Sir James Fletcher (29 March 1886 – 12 August 1974) was a New Zealand industrialist who founded Fletcher Construction, one of the country's largest firms. His son, Sir James Fletcher Junior, continued to build the corporation.
Fletcher was born at Kirkintilloch, Scotland, and was educated in Glasgow. He was the sixth of thirteen children. He migrated to Dunedin, New Zealand in 1908. He donated New Zealand Marble to the town of Kirkintilloch in 1925 to construct a War Memorial which stands today at the entrance to the town's Peel Park.
In 1908 he established a building business with his brother William John, known as Fletcher Brothers. In 1916, his brother John emigrated to Dunedin and joined the company, and the partnership was formed as a limited liability company, and from 1919 was called the Fletcher Construction Company. In 1940, the company was renamed Fletcher Holdings. Fletcher moved the businesses headquarters to Auckland in 1925. The company grew despite the difficult economic conditions, completing a number of major construction projects, such as the Chateau Tongariro and Dominion Museum in 1929.
Fletcher was seconded by the government in 1942. His second eldest son, also called James, took over the running of Fletcher Holdings at this time. Throughout the Second World War he held several positions, first as Commissioner of Defence Construction, then Superintendent of Military Works, and later Controller of Shipping.
Fletcher had many other business interests, including the Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), the Tasman Pulp and Paper Company, and New Zealand Paper Mills. Fletcher Senior was knighted in the 1946 New Year Honours.
- "University of Auckland Business History Project - Fletcher Challenge". University of Auckland. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- Scholefield, Guy, ed. (1940). A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography : A–L (PDF). I. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs. p. 267. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Goldsmith 2009, p. ?.
- New Zealand Encyclopaedia, 1966. "Fletcher, Sir James". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "No. 37410". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 December 1945. p. 157.
- Goldsmith, Paul (2009). Fletchers: A Centennial History of Fletcher Building (hardback). Auckland: Davia Ling Publishing. ISBN 978-1-877378-35-5.
- Smith, Jack (2009). No Job Too Big: A History of Fletcher Construction, Volume I: 1909–1940 (hardback). Wellington: Steele Roberts. ISBN 978-1-877448-69-0.