James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury

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The Marquess of Salisbury

James Brownlow William Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury Eddis.jpg
Lord Privy Seal
In office
27 February 1852 – 17 December 1852
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Derby
Preceded byThe Earl of Minto
Succeeded byThe Duke of Argyll
Lord President of the Council
In office
26 February 1858 – 11 June 1859
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Derby
Preceded byThe Earl Granville
Succeeded byThe Earl Granville
Member of Parliament
for Hertford
In office
1817–1823
Preceded byHon. Edward Spencer Cowper
Succeeded byThomas Byron
Member of Parliament
for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
In office
1813–1817
Preceded byHon. Edward Spencer Cowper
Succeeded byAdolphus Dalrymple
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
13 June 1823 – 12 April 1868
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded byThe 1st Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded byThe 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
Personal details
Born
James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil

17 April 1791 (1791-04-17)
Died12 April 1868 (1868-04-13) (aged 76)
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)(1) Frances Gascoyne
(c. 1806–1839)
(2) Lady Mary Sackville-West (1824–1900)
Shield of arms of James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, KG, PC

James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, KG, PC (17 April 1791 – 12 April 1868), styled Viscount Cranborne until 1823, was a British Conservative politician. He held office under the Earl of Derby as Lord Privy Seal in 1852 and Lord President of the Council between 1858 and 1859. He was the father of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, three times Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and grandfather of Arthur Balfour, who also served as Prime Minister.

Background[edit]

Salisbury was the son of James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, and Lady Emily Mary Hill, daughter of Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire.[1]

Political career[edit]

Salisbury entered the House of Commons in 1813 as Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, a seat he held until 1817,[2] and then sat for Hertford between 1817 and 1823.[3]

In the latter year he succeeded his father in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords. He served in the Earl of Derby's first two cabinets as Lord Privy Seal in 1852[4] and as Lord President of the Council between 1858 and 1859.[5] He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1826[6] and made a Knight of the Garter in 1842.[7]

Apart from his political career he also served as titular Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex between 1841 and 1868.[8]

Family[edit]

Lord Salisbury was married twice. His first marriage was on 2 February 1821 to Frances Mary Gascoyne (born 25 January 1802, died 15 October 1839), daughter of Bamber Gascoyne of Childwall Hall, Lancashire, and his wife Sarah Bridget Frances Price. A biography of her by Carola Oman appeared in 1966.[9] The couple had six children, including:

Lord Salisbury's second marriage, on 29 April 1847, was to Lady Mary Catherine Sackville-West, daughter of George Sackville-West, 5th Earl De La Warr and Elizabeth Sackville-West, Countess De La Warr, with whom he had five children:

  • Lord Sackville Arthur Cecil (16 March 1848 – 29 January 1898) died unmarried.
  • Lady Mary Arabella Arthur Cecil (26 April 1850 – 18 August 1903) married Alan Stewart, 10th Earl of Galloway.
  • Lady Margaret Elizabeth Cecil (1850 – 11 March 1919) died unmarried.
  • Lord Arthur Cecil (3 July 1851– 16 July 1913) married Elizabeth Ann Wilson and had children; he married, secondly, Frederica von Klenck.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Lionel Cecil (21 March 1853 – 13 January 1901) died unmarried.

Lord Salisbury died in April 1868, aged 76, and was succeeded as marquess by his third, eldest surviving son, Robert. The Marchioness of Salisbury died in December 1900.[1]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1791–1813: Viscount Cranborne
  • 1813–1823: Viscount Cranborne MP
  • 1823–1826: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury
  • 1826–1842: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury PC
  • 1842–1868: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury KG PC

External links[edit]

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Salisbury
  • "Archival material relating to James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury". UK National Archives. Edit this at Wikidata

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b thepeerage.com Sir James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury
  2. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: West Lothian to Widnes
  3. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Hertford to Honiton
  4. ^ "No. 21296". The London Gazette. 27 February 1852. p. 634.
  5. ^ "No. 22103". The London Gazette. 26 February 1858. p. 1019.
  6. ^ leighrayment.com Privy Counsellors 1679–1835
  7. ^ "No. 20090". The London Gazette. 12 April 1842. p. 1017.
  8. ^ leighrayment.com Peerage: Saatchi to Sandys
  9. ^ The Gascoyne Heiress: The Life and Diaries of Frances Mary Gascoyne-Cecil, 1802-39 (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1968). Retrieved 7 August 2012.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir John Murray
Thomas Wallace
John Broadhurst
Henry Trail
Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
18131817
With: John Murray
Masterton Ure
Christopher Idle
Succeeded by
John Murray
Masterton Ure
Christopher Idle
Adolphus Dalrymple
Preceded by
Edward Cowper
Nicolson Calvert
Member of Parliament for Hertford
18171823
With: Nicolson Calvert
Succeeded by
Nicolson Calvert
Thomas Byron
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Minto
Lord Privy Seal
1852
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Preceded by
The Earl Granville
Lord President of the Council
1858–1859
Succeeded by
The Earl Granville
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Portland
Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
1841–1868
Succeeded by
The Duke of Wellington
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Cecil
Marquess of Salisbury
1823–1868
Succeeded by
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil