|Acting Chairman of the Kenya African National Union (KANU)|
|Succeeded by||Jomo Kenyatta|
|Political party||Kenya African National Union (KANU)|
James Samuel Gichuru (1914–1982) was a Kenyan politician. He was a minister for Finance, Minister for Defence and a former member of parliament for the Limuru Constituency. He was among the founders of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) party in 1960 as well as its acting chairman (for jailed Jomo Kenyatta) to 1961.