James Leo Herlihy
Herlihy is known for his novels Midnight Cowboy and All Fall Down, and his play Blue Denim, all of which were adapted for cinema. Other publications include The Season of the Witch and several short stories.
Herlihy was born into a working class family in Detroit, Michigan in 1927. He was raised in Detroit and in Chillicothe, Ohio. He enlisted with the Navy in 1945 but never saw action due to the end of World War II. He attended Black Mountain College in North Carolina for two years, where he studied sculpture. He then relocated to Southern California and attended the Pasadena Playhouse College of the Theatre.
He was gay and a good friend of playwright Tennessee Williams (1911-1983), another trailblazing gay writer who wrote about taboo subjects. Williams served as a mentor to the younger writer. Both spent a good deal of time in Key West, Florida. Like Williams, Herlihy also lived in New York City. Apart from Key West, the primary home of Herlihy was in the Silver Lake district of Los Angeles.
Plays he wrote include Streetlight Sonata (1950), Moon in Capricorn (1953), and Blue Denim (produced on Broadway in 1958). He directed actress Tallulah Bankhead in a touring production of his play Crazy October in 1959. Three of his one-act plays, titled collectively Stop You're Killing Me were presented by the Theater Company of Boston in 1969. According to author Sean Egan in his biography of James Kirkwood, Jr., Ponies & Rainbows, Herlihy co-wrote the play UTBU with Kirkwood but demanded his name be taken off the credits.
Herihy wrote three novels: All Fall Down (1960), Midnight Cowboy (1965), and Season of the Witch (1971). His short stories were collected in The Sleep of Baby Filbertson and Other Stories (1959) and A Story That Ends in a Scream and Eight Others (1967), a collection which also included plays.
In 1968, he signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments as a protest against the Vietnam War. He acted in the 1981 film Four Friends directed by Arthur Penn.
- Streetlight Sonata (1950)
- Moon in Capricorn (1953)
- Blue Denim (1958)
- Crazy October (1959)
- Stop, You’re Killing Me: Three Short Plays (1969)
- The Sleep of Baby Filbertson and Other Stories (1958)
- A Story That Ends with a Scream and Eight Others (1967)
- Grimes, William (October 22, 1993), "James Leo Herlihy, 66, Novelist Who Wrote 'Midnight Cowboy'", New York Times, retrieved February 11, 2010
- Haskell, Arlo. "JAMES LEO HERLIHY The Midnight Cowboy in Key West". Littoral. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
- Folkart, Burt A. (October 23, 1993). "J.L. Herlihy; 'Midnight Cowboy' Author". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 5, 2009.
- Special Collections Department (October 1997), James Leo Herlihy Papers, University of Delaware
- "Theater: Laughing in the Dark", Time, March 28, 1969, retrieved February 11, 2010
- Egan, Sean (2011) “Ponies & Rainbows: The Life of James Kirkwood" Bearmanor Media, ISBN 1-59393-680-X, page 204
- Houston, Levin (April 17, 1971), "Herlihy Captures Reader", The Free Lance-Star - Apr 17, 1971, retrieved February 11, 2010[dead link]
- “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” January 30, 1968 New York Post
- Finding Aid to James Leo Herlihy Papers at University of Delaware
- James Leo Herlihy at the Internet Movie Database
- James Leo Herlihy at the Internet Broadway Database
- James Leo Herlihy at the Internet Off-Broadway Database