James Wellwood

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For the English physician, see James Wellwood (physician).
James Joseph Wellwood
Born 15 October 1892
Drouin, Victoria, Australia
Died 25 October 1984(1984-10-25) (aged 92)
Armadale, Victoria, Australia
Springvale Crematorium Victoria, Australia
Allegiance Australia
Service/branch Artillery; aviation
Rank Lieutenant
Unit No. 2 Squadron AFC
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross

Lieutenant James Joseph Wellwood DFC (15 October 1892 – 25 October 1984) was an Australian World War I flying ace credited with seven aerial victories. After the war, he went on to a long career as an agriculturalist and husbandman at his Australian home.

Early life[edit]

James Joseph Wellwood was the son of Elizabeth Anne Payne and James Wellwood. He was born in Drouin, Australia on 15 October 1892,[1] one of five brothers.[2] Wellwood's mother died when he was ten.[1]

Military career[edit]

Wellwood originally served in an Australian militia unit, the Royal Australian Garrison Artillery before he enlisted in the Siege Brigade of the Australian Imperial Force on 1 June 1915. On his enlistment papers, he stated he was a born British subject working as a "motor mechanic".[3]

He later transferred to the Australian Flying Corps, and trained as a Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5 pilot. By mid 1918, he had been assigned to 2 Squadron AFC. He scored his first aerial success on 1 August 1918, destroying a German two-seated Rumpler reconnaissance plane southeast of Lille. On 12 August, he destroyed a Fokker D.VII over Licourt. Wellwood teamed with squadronmate Adrian Cole to destroy a DFW recon machine over Epinoy on 25 August.[4]

In September 1918, Wellwood struck twice, driving a Fokker D.VII down out of control on the 6th, and setting a Pfalz D.III afire on the 24th. Wellwood's final two victories were achieved on 4 November 1918; in separate patrols, he destroyed a Fokker D.VII and drove down another out of control.[4]

He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his exploits,[5] which was personally presented by General Sir William Birdwood on 20 March 1919.[6]

Post World War I[edit]

Wellwood married Myra Cantor on 28 June 1924 at Trinity Church, Hampton, Victoria, Australia.[1]

Wellwood was active in horse racing as early as 1929,[7] and became secretary of the Bunyip Race Club in early 1933.[8] He was selected as secretary of the Drouin branch of the United Country Party in early 1937.[9] He was a member of a stock cooperative marketing merino sheep from 1937 to 1941.[10][11][12]

On 8 November 1945, Wellwood posted notice that he would not allow debts to be contracted in his name without his written authority.[13]

James Joseph Wellwood died on 25 April 1984 in Armadale, Victoria, Australia. He was cremated at Springvale Crematorium.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d http://members.westnet.com.au/boundy/coate/f15.htm#f96 Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  2. ^ http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4700681?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/attestation/wellwood.php Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  4. ^ a b http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/wellwood.php Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  5. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 June 1919) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31378/supplements/7031; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31378/supplements/7031 Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  6. ^ (The Argus, 13 March 1920) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1682154?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  7. ^ (The Examiner, 11 April 1929) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51537852?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  8. ^ (The Argus, 31 January 1933) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4522306?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  9. ^ (The Argus, 3 April 1937) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11053895?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  10. ^ (The Argus, 28 March 1941) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8156576?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  11. ^ (The Argus, 30 March 1937) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11075743?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  12. ^ (The Argus, 4 March 1938) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11180228?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  13. ^ (The Argus, 8 November 1945) http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12151787?searchTerm=%22J.%20J.%20Wellwood%22&searchLimits= Retrieved 14 February 2011.