Japanese gunboat Seta

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Japanese gunboat Seta 1935.jpg
Setaaround 1935
History
Naval Ensign of Japan.svg
Name: Seta
Ordered: 1920 Fiscal Year
Builder: Harima Shipyards, Japan
Laid down: 29 April 1922
Launched: 30 June 1922
Completed: 6 October 1923, disassembled & shipped to Tunghwa Shipbuilding, Shanghai. reassembly completed 1923 or 1924
Struck: 30 September 1945
Fate: Bombed and sunk 26 November 1944
Taiwan
Name: Chang Teh
Acquired: 1946
Fate: captured in 1949 by PRC during Chinese Civil War
China
Name: Min Jiang
Acquired: 30 November 1949
Fate: scrapped in 1960s
General characteristics
Type: River gunboat
Displacement: 250 long tons (254 t) initial
Length: 54.86 metres (180.0 ft)
Beam: 8.23 metres (27.0 ft)
Draught: 0.79 metres (2.6 ft).
Propulsion: 3-shaft reciprocating VTE engines; 2 boilers; 1,400 hp (1,000 kW)
Speed: 15 knots (17 mph; 28 km/h)
Complement: 59
Armament:

Seta (堅田?) was a river gunboat of the Imperial Japanese Navy, part of the 11th Gunboat Sentai, that operated on the Yangtze River in China during the 1920s, and during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.

Background[edit]

Seta was the lead vessel of the Seta-class river gunboats built under the 1920 Fleet Building Program of the Imperial Japanese Navy for operations on the inland waterways of China.[1]

Design[edit]

The basic design of Seta was modeled after that of the gunboat Toba, with the same general dimensions and layout. Seta had a hull with an overall length of 56.08 metres (184.0 ft) and width of 8.23 metres (27.0 ft), with a normal displacement of 338 tons and draft of 1.02 metres (3.3 ft). She was propelled by two reciprocating engines with two Kampon boilers driving three shafts, producing 1,400 hp (1,000 kW) and had a top speed of 16 knots.[1]

The ship was initially armed with two 80 mm (3.1 in)/28 cal. guns and six 7.7mm machine guns.[1]

Service record[edit]

Seta was laid down on 29 April 1922 and launched 30 June 1922 at the Harima Shipyards at Aioi, Hyogo, Japan. As the design was incapable of open ocean sailing, she was then broken down into sections and shipped to the Tunghwa Shipyard in Shanghai, where she was reassembled and completed on 20 October 1923. She was assigned to patrols of the Yangtze River from Shanghai to the Three Gorges, for commerce protection and as a show of force in protection of Japanese nationals and economic interests through the rest of the 1920s and early 1930s. From February 1932, she was assigned to the First China Expeditionary Fleet.[2]

With the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Seta was based in Changsha, and was used to evacuate Japanese residents from the interior of China. During the Battle of Shanghai, Seta landed reinforcements of the Special Naval Landing Force (SNLF), and bombarded Chinese positions at Shanghai on 13 August 1937. She also helped assist in the evacuation of 20,000 of Shanghai’s 30,000 Japanese civilian residents, and covered the landings of the Imperial Japanese Army’s 3rd Division, 8th Division and 11th Divisions north of Shanghai.[2] On 26 June 1938, Seta, and with the gunboats Toba and Kotaka and minelayers Tsubame, Kamome, Natsushima and Nasami participated in the Battle of Madang and subsequent Battle of Jiujiang, bombarding Chinese positions and sweeping for mines in the Yangtze River. Many exposed crewmen are wounded or killed by Chinese light arms fire before the SNLF can capture the Madang Forts.[2]

Around 1940, Seta was refitted with two 3.1-in/40 cal anti-aircraft guns and five 13.2 mm Hotchkiss machine guns. From 4 November 1941, she was based in Hankou, cooperating with Imperial Japanese Army units in mopping up operations. On 22 June 1942, she participated in “Operation SE” and was assigned to the Tung Ting Lake task force with gunboats Katata and Sumida. On 25 November, five crewmen were killed when Seta was strafed by fighters from the USAAF Fourteenth Air Force .[2]

Around the end of 1943, her anti-aircraft weaponry was further upgraded with the replacement of the five Hotchkiss machine guns with six Type 96 AA guns.

On 6 June 1943, seven USAAF P-40 Warhawk fighters strafed Seta near Shansi, killing 14 crewmen, including her captain, Commander Hisashi Matsumoto and wounding 14 more. She was repaired at the Kiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai by the end of July. She was reassigned back to Hangkow for patrols of the upper Yangtze River, and was attacked again on 1 September 1943, 22 May 1944, and 11 June 1944 without taking any damage. However, an attack on 17 August wrecked her stern and rudder, and she had to be towed to Shanghai for repairs. Repairs were completed on 24 October; however two days later she was bombed again and sank.[2] Her armaments were salvaged to help bolster the land-based defenses of Shanghai, and she was removed from the navy list on 30 September 1945.[1]

The wreck was raised after the end of the war and after repairs was commissioned into the Republic of China Navy as the Chang Teh (Chinese: 長徳). She was then captured together with Toba by the People’s Republic of China in the Chinese Civil War and commissioned into the People's Liberation Army Navy on 30 November 1949 as the gunboat Min Jiang (Chinese: 閩江). She was finally scrapped in the 1960s.

References[edit]

  • Konstam, Angus (2012). Yangtze River Gunboats 1900-49. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781849084086. 
  • Gardner, Robert (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906–1921. Conway Marine Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy; page 120
  2. ^ a b c d e "IJN River Gunboat SETA: Tabular Record of Movement". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 5 December 2012.