Jaruco

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Jaruco
San Juan Bautista de Jaruco
Municipality
The "Escaleras de Jaruco" hills
The "Escaleras de Jaruco" hills
Jaruco municipality (red) within  Mayabeque Province (yellow) and Cuba
Jaruco municipality (red) within
Mayabeque Province (yellow) and Cuba
Jaruco is located in Cuba
Jaruco
Location of Jaruco in Cuba
Coordinates: 23°02′34″N 82°00′34″W / 23.04278°N 82.00944°W / 23.04278; -82.00944Coordinates: 23°02′34″N 82°00′34″W / 23.04278°N 82.00944°W / 23.04278; -82.00944
Country  Cuba
Province Mayabeque
Founded 1762[1]
Established 1931 (Municipality)
Area[2]
 • Total 276 km2 (107 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (430 ft)
Population (2004)[3]
 • Total 25,658
 • Density 93.0/km2 (241/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-47

Jaruco is a municipality and town in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba.

Geography[edit]

The town is located in the east of Havana, between San José de las Lajas and Santa Cruz del Norte. The municipality borders with Habana del Este (municipal borough of Havana), Santa Cruz del Norte, Madruga and San José de las Lajas.

The Escaleras (stairs) of Jaruco rise up out of the plains and provide views of the area. The area is protected as a park and is a visiting spot from Havana and the beaches.

History[edit]

Jaruco was founded in 1762 under the name San Juan Bautista de Jaruco (Ciudad Condal de San Juan Bautista de Jaruco).[4] "Ajaruco" was the pre-Columbian Taíno name of the settlement.[5]

In 1940, the municipality was divided into the barrios of Arroyo Vuelto, Casiguas, Castilla, Ciudad de Jaruco, Don Martín, Escaleras de Jaruco, Bainoa, San Antonio de Río Blanco del Norte and Santa Ana.[1]

After 1959 this area was grouped into the Regional San José (with the small municipalities of Jaruco, San Antonio-Caraballo (formerly part of pre 1959 Aguacate municipality), Bainoa, etc.) Later Jaruco was the capital of Regional Bainoa which included the municipalities of Jaruco, Camilo Cenfuegos, Santa Cruz del Norte, Aguacate y Madruga.

Since 1976, the Jaruco municipality includes: Jaruco, Caraballo, San Antonio de Rio Blanco del Norte, Bainoa, Casiguas, Vista Alegre, Escaleras de Jaruco (and its beautiful park inside the mountains), Castilla y Tumba Cuatro.

In 2009 the Benedictines being a Roman Catholic congregation started to erect an own residence in Jaruco. The project failed in 2010 because of lack of water so that the Benedictines remained in their provisorial house in Havana (2011).

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the municipality of Jaruco had a population of 25,658.[3] With a total area of 276 km2 (107 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 93.0/km2 (241/sq mi).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guije.com. "Jaruco" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  2. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  4. ^ *Ignacio A, Ortiz-Bello. Jaruco, un aporte para su historia 1959
  5. ^ The United Confederation of Taíno People. "Taíno Dictionary" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-10-18. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Jaruco at Wikimedia Commons