Jean-Luc Raharimanana

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Jean-Luc Raharimanana
Jean-Luc Raharimanana in St Pierre, La Réunion, in 2017
Jean-Luc Raharimanana in St Pierre, La Réunion, in 2017
Born (1967-06-26) June 26, 1967 (age 51)
Antananarivo, Madagascar
LanguageFrench, Malagasy
CitizenshipMalagasy
Alma materUniversity of Antananarivo, University of Paris, Institut National des langues et civilisations orientales
Home townAntananarivo, Madagascar
Notable awardsJean-Joseph Rabearivelo Award for Poetry, Tardivat International Award For Best French Language Fiction, Tchicaya-U'Tamsi Prize, Great Fiction Prize of Madagascar
Years active1989-now

Jean-Luc Raharimanana (born June 26, 1967, Antananarivo, Madagascar) is a Malagasy novelist, essayist, poet, and playwright.

Personal life[edit]

He wrote his first book in his native country, but he was unable to publish it because of the political situation. He went to France to study ethnolinguistics at the University of Paris and the Institut National des langues et civilisations orientales following his graduation from the University of Antananarivo in 1989, due to a stipendium he received from the RFI.

After completing his studies in France, Raharimanana went on to work as a journalist and French teacher.[1]

In his works, Raharimanana often describes the situation of poverty and corruption and the history in his homeland in a violent and lyrical style. Several of his screenplays have been adapted for theatre and he is the subject of the 2004 documentary Gouttes d’encre sur l’île rouge.[2]

Raharimanana's works have been translated into German, English, Italian, and Spanish. Raharimanana currently lives in Paris.[3]

Selected works[edit]

His first play "Le prophète et le président" won the Tchicaya-U'Tamsi Prize in 1990, awarded by the Inter-African theatre competition, but the theatre performance was banned by Madagascar's government owing to the political nature of the play.

In June 2002, Raharimana's father Vénance Raharimanana, a history professor at the University of Antananarivo, was tortured and subsequently arrested following a radio program he hosted that dealt with the pre-colonial tension in Madagascar. He writes about the experience in his short story collection L'arbre anthropophage.

Bibliography[edit]

Novellas[edit]

  • Le lépreux et dix-neuf autres nouvelles. Paris: Hatier, 1992.
  • Lucarne. Paris: Le Serpent à plumes, 1996.
  • Rêves sous le linceul. Paris: Le Serpent à plumes, 1998.

Children's books[edit]

  • Landisoa and the three pebbles. Illustrations by Jean A. Ravelona. Vanves: Édicef / Hachette, 2001.

Novels[edit]

  • Za. Paris: Philippe Rey, 2008.
  • Nour, 1947. Paris: Le Serpent à Plumes, 2001; La Roque d’Anthéron: Vents d’Ailleurs, 2017.
  • Revenir. Paris: Rivages, 2018.

Stories[edit]

Collections[edit]

  • L’Arbre anthropophage. Paris: Gallimard/Joëlle Losfeld, 2004.
  • Tsiaron’ny nofo. Îlle-sur-Tête: K’A, 2008.

Stories contributed to collections[edit]

  • "Anja" in Une enfance outremer. Paris: Seuil, 2001.
  • "Prosper" in Dernières nouvelles de la Françafrique. La Roque d’Anthéron: Vents d’Ailleurs, 2003.
  • "Corps en jachère" in Nul n’est une île: Solidarité Haïti. Montréal: Mémoire d’encrier, 2004.
  • "Sortir des bois" in Africultures 59 (Second Trimester 2004)
  • "Le vol de La Tempête" in Enfances. Bertoua (Cameroun): Ndzé, 2006; Paris: Ndzé (Pocket), 2008.
  • "Za" in Le huitième péché, collectif coordonné par Kangni Alem. Bertoua (Cameroun): Éditions Ndzé, 2006.
  • "Pacification" in Dernières nouvelles du colonialisme (Collectif). La Roque d’Anthéron: Vents d’Ailleurs, 2006.
  • "Le creuset des possibles" in Pour une littérature-monde, sous la direction de Michel Le Bris et Jean Rouaud. Paris: Gallimard, 2007.
  • "Sur le bord des lèvres" in Riveneuve Continents 5 (Autumn 2007)
  • "De là où j’écris" in Riveneuve Continents 10 (Winter 2009-2010)

Poetry[edit]

  • Les cauchemars du gecko. La Roque d’Anthéron: Vents d’Ailleurs, 2011.
  • Enlacement(s). Coffret de trois livres: Des Ruines, Obscena et Il n’y a plus de pays. La Roque d’Anthéron: Vents d’Ailleurs, 2012.
  • Empreintes. La Roque d’Anthéron: Vents d’Ailleurs, 2015.

Academic publications[edit]

  • La littérature malgache. Interculturel Francophonies (Lecce, Italie) 1 (June-July 2001)
  • Identités, langues et imaginaires dans l’Océan Indien. Interculturel Francophonies 4 (November-December 2003)
  • Jacques Rabemananjara. Interculturel Francophonies 11 (June-July 2007)
  • Les Comores, une littérature en archipel (co-authored with Magali Nirina Marson). Interculturel Francophonies 19 (June-July 2011)

Theatre adaptations[edit]

Title Producer Premiered
Lépreux RFI 1990
Le prophète et le président Christiane Ramanantsoa (Madagascar), Vincent Mambatchaka (Benin, Togo, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Central Africa, France 1993
Le puits Maison du Geste et de l’Image, TILF, Théâtre de la Villette 1997
Le Tambour de Zanahary Twamay Association 2000
La Femme, la dinde, les deux compères et la bouteille Frédéric Robin 2004
Milaloza Bernadette Baratier and Laure-Marie Legay (Burkina Faso, Mali, France, Niger) 2004
Lemahery et le caméléon Fabrice (Faffa) Andriamilantonirinason and Jean Ramanambita 2006
47 Revue Frictions 2008
Les Cauchemars du Gecko Thierry Bedard 2010
Des Ruines... la liesse et l’oubli Thierry Bedard 2010
Parfois le vide Jean-Luc Raharimanana 2016

Film adaptations[edit]

Title Director Year
Gouttes d’encre sur l’île rouge Randianina Ravoajanahary, Vincent Wable 2004

Awards[edit]

  • 1987 - Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo Award for Poetry
  • 1989 - Tardivat International Award For Best French Language Fiction
  • 1990 - Tchicaya-U'Tamsi Prize for African Poetry
  • 1998 - Great Fiction Prize of Madagascar (ADELF), for Rêves sous le linceul.
  • 2011 - Salon du Livre insulaire de Ouessant Poetry Award, for Les cauchemars du gecko.

External links[edit]

  • Raharimanana, biography by Magali Compan-Barnard (in French) and bibliography, with audio recording ("île en île").
  • Extrait (Revue Noire).
  • La pièce sur PARIS!!!!
  • Association soutenant Raharimanana
  • Raharimanana, Jean-Luc (2004). L'arbre anthropophage. Joëlle Losfeld. ISBN 978-2070789498.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jean-Luc Raharimanana — internationales literaturfestival berlin". literaturfestival.com. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  2. ^ "film-documentaire.fr - Portail du film documentaire". www.film-documentaire.fr. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  3. ^ "Raharimanana". Île en île (in French). 2003-02-21. Retrieved 2019-03-21.