Jean-Pierre Cluysenaar

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Jean-Pierre Cluysenaar
Born 28 March 1811
Kampen, The Netherlands
Died 16 February 1880
Brussels, Belgium
Nationality Belgian,
Occupation Architect
Buildings Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert
Koninklijk Conservatorium/Conservatoire Royal in Brussels
Railway station of Aalst

Jean-Pierre Cluysenaar was a Belgian architect. He is the father of the Cluysenaar family.


He was born in Kampen in the Netherlands as a son of Joannes Kluysenaar and Garidenia Kluysenaar, a Dutch family of architects and engineers. Jean-Pierre Cluysenaar was the father of the Cluysenaar family. His descendants became famous Belgian painters, sculptors and architects. During the United Kingdom of the Netherlands his family settled in the southern Belgian provinces.


Cluysenaar studied architecture at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels under Tilman-François Suys. His teacher influenced him in his preference for the architecture of the Italian Renaissance.

Cluysenaer had a talent for business. He took the initiative for some very profitable real estate projects - such as the Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert in Brussels - in which he played the double role of architect and co-financier. He also had a good reputation amongst the Belgian nobility and high bourgeoisie. He received many commissions for designing large town houses (so called "Hôtels"), Mansions and château's. He was always prepared to adapt his designs to the desires and taste of his elite patrons. The many private mansions he built greatly differ in style. Cluysenaar designed elegant Palladian villa's as well as more sturdy Gothic Revival castles.

His stylistic versatility is also apparent in the many public buildings he designed such as the Neo-Renaissance, Koninklijk Conservatorium/Conservatoire Royal in Brussels and the "Tudor style" railway station in Aalst.

List of works[edit]

A brief selection of the more than 200 projects in which Cluysenaar was involved:

"Châteaux" and other private residences

public buildings


Fanny Cluysenaar (Madame Veuve Henry Heymans), Les Cluysenaar: une famille d’artistes, Brussels, Weissenbruch, 1928.