Jean-Pierre Houdin

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Jean-Pierre Houdin
Born 1951 (age 63–64)
Nationality French
Occupation Architect
Design Egyptian pyramid construction techniques

Jean-Pierre Houdin (French: [udɛ̃]; born 1951 in Paris),[citation needed] is a French architect perhaps most notable for a theory on pyramid construction.[1][2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Houdin grew up in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, where his father was the director of a construction company.[citation needed] As a small boy, he spent his spare time on construction sites while his mother, who was a doctor, cared for her patients in a bush dispensary. His interest in building and construction grew out of this first period of his life.

Back in Paris, after the baccalauréat, he enrolled in the École des Beaux-Arts to study architecture. After obtaining his diploma in 1976, he set up as an independent architect, a profession that he would follow for twenty years.[citation needed] He participated in the construction of a large number of residential and office buildings in and around Paris. At the same time, with his wife Michelle and a friend of his, he opened an avant-garde art gallery and salon called Les Enfants Gâtés, which over a period of ten years supported scores of young artists, and which became a centre for the arts in Paris at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s.[citation needed]

Pyramid construction theory[edit]

Scheme inside the pyramid

In 1999, Houdin's father, a retired civil engineer, started to develop the idea that the pyramids had been built from the inside. Jean-Pierre Houdin, using advanced 3D modelling technology, helped him identify a construction anomaly which they named "the spiral structure". It looked exactly like a ramp built inside the pyramid which they thought could have played a part in its construction.[1][2] In 2003, his father created the Association of the Construction of the Great Pyramid (ACGP) in order to promote the project. This association enabled him to meet a number of experts.

Analytical process[edit]

In 2005, Mehdi Tayoubi and Richard Breitner from Dassault Systèmes invited him to join a new sponsorship programme “Passion For Innovation”. Together, they decided to examine the theory in the light of Dassault Systèmes's industrial and scientific 3D solutions. Using software applications such as CATIA to reconstitute the site of this gigantic construction in three dimensions allowed them to test in real-time whether such an approach was plausible. In order to explain and communicate it, Tayoubi and his team used 3D technology as a teaching medium and proposed an interactive voyage through time in three dimensions. This was presented both on the giant screen of La Géode (a famous hemispheric theater in Paris), and on the Internet. They transformed this theater into one of the biggest Virtual Reality centers in the world.[citation needed]

Also in 2005, a project was initiated to analyse the cracks in the King's Chamber of the pyramid. The group consisted of Houdin, the egyptologist Bob Brier, Tayoubi, Breitner, and a team of engineers from Dassault Systèmes. Their choice of software tools such as SIMULIA, are normally used by industrial corporations to simulate the behaviour of their products in operation, and to detect any structural weaknesses in order to solve problems as early as the products' design phase.

The team concluded that the pyramid’s architect, Hemiunu, concerned that the cracks imperiled the whole structure, had cut a tunnel into a sealed space above the burial chamber to assess the damage, and then had filled the cracks with plaster as a tell-tale that would indicate if they were widening. The beams held and the pyramid was completed. The existence of the cracks in the burial chamber beams has been known since the 1880s, but this team is the first to have put forward a hypothesis about what caused them[citation needed] and when, and to have used such a methodology with 3D industrial software in the field of egyptology.


  • Houdin, Jean-Pierre (2006). Khufu: The Secrets Behind the Building of the Great Pyramid. Farid Atiya Press. ISBN 978-977-17-3061-3. 
  • Brier, Bob; Houdin, Jean-Pierre (2008). The Secret of the Great Pyramid: How One Man's Obsession Led to the Solution of Ancient Egypt's Greatest Mystery. Collins. ISBN 978-0-06-165552-4. 



  1. ^ a b Brian Handwerk (November 14, 2008). "Great Pyramid Mystery to Be Solved by Hidden Room". National Geographic. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ a b Bob Brier (May–June 2007). "How to Build a Pyramid". Archaeology. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ Dan Vergano (May 17, 2007). "Scientists ramp up for pyramid theory". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 

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