Jean-Paul-Égide Martini, (31 August 1741 – 10 February 1816) was a composer of classical music. Sometimes known as Martini Il Tedesco, he is best known today for the vocal romance "Plaisir d'amour," on which the 1961 Elvis Presley pop standard "Can't Help Falling in Love" is based. He is sometimes referred to as Giovanni Martini, resulting in a confusion with Giovanni Battista Martini, particularly with regard to the composition "Plaisir d'amour"'.
Martini was born Johann Paul Aegidius Schwarzendorf in Freystadt, Bavaria. He adopted the family name Martini after moving to France as a young man. There, he established a successful career as a court musician. Having directed concerts for the Queen, he adapted to the changing regimes throughout the French Revolution, and later wrote music for Napoleon's marriage as well as for the restored Chapelle royale. In 1764, he married Marguerite Camelot. His melodic opera L'amoureux de quinze ans, written in 1771, enjoyed great success. In addition, his highly popular church music combined old forms with modern theatricality, and his chansons including "Plaisir d'amour" were influential. In 1800 he became a professor of composition at the Paris Conservatoire. He died in Paris in February 1816.
List of works
- Annette and Lubin (opera);
- L'amoureux de quinze ans, ou La double fête (1771);
- Le Droit du Seigneur (1783);
- Plaisir d'amour, song (1784);
- "Prière pour le Roi", political song (1793);
- Scene héroïque pour Napoléon (1814).
- "Jean Paul Martini" in Classical Music, ed. John Burrows. DK Publishing, Inc: New York, 2005.
- Free scores by Jean-Paul-Égide Martini at the International Music Score Library Project
- Free scores by Jean-Paul-Égide Martini in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
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