Jean de Dunois

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Jean de Dunois
Coat of arms of the Counts of Longueville

Jean de Dunois (23 November 1402 – 24 November 1468), also called John of Orléans and Jean de Duno (Jean d'Orléans), was the illegitimate son of Louis I, Duke of Orléans, by Mariette d'Enghien.[1] His nickname, the "Bastard of Orléans" (bâtard d'Orléans), was a term of respect, since it acknowledged him as a first cousin to the king and acting head of a cadet branch of the royal family during his half-brother's captivity. In 1439 he received the county of Dunois from his half-brother, Charles, Duke of Orléans, and later king Charles VII made him count of Longueville.[2]

Life[edit]

In 1407, Jean's father, Louis I, Duke of Orléans was assassinated.[2] Eight years later, his half-brother, Charles, Duke of Orléans was captured at the Battle of Agincourt and remained a prisoner of the English for twenty-five years.[2] This left Jean the only adult male to represent the house of Orléans.[2] He was Knight of the Order of the Porcupine.[3]

Jean joined the civil war in France in the time of Charles VI on the side of the Armagnacs, and was captured by the Burgundians in 1418. Released in 1420, he entered the service of the Dauphin Charles, fighting in the Hundred Years' War against English forces. The future count of Dunois led the French defenses at the siege of Orléans.[2] Together with Joan of Arc he relieved the siege.[2] He joined her on the campaigns of 1429 and remained active after her death.[2]

Jean took part in the coronation of Charles VII and in 1436 he aided in the capture of Paris. He was prominent in the conquest of Guienne and Normandy in the final years of the Hundred Years War. He participated in the Praguerie against Charles VII and was a leader of the League of the Public Weal against King Louis XI in 1465, but each time he regained favor at court.

Marriages and progeny[edit]

He married Marie Louvet (d. 1426) in April 1422 at Bourges, by whom he had no children.

He married a second time to Marie of Harcourt (d. 1464),[4] Lady of Parthenay 26 October 1439 and had two children:

  • François Ι d'Orléans-Longueville (1447–1491), Count of Dunois, Tancarville, Longueville, and Montgomery, Baron of Varenguebec, Viscount of Melun, Chamberlain of France, Governor of Normandy and the Dauphiné, Constable and Chamberlain of Normandy, married 2 July 1466 to Agnès de Savoie (1445–1508).
  • Catherine d'Orléans (1449–1501), married 14 May 1468 to Johann II of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1430–1472), Count of Roucy

Titles[edit]

In literature[edit]

Dunois appears as a character in the following plays:

He also appears in the following adaptations of Schiller's play:

He was also portrayed in the Luc Besson film The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc, as well as Europa Universalis 4 where he is a general available in 1444.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sowerby & Hennings 2017, p. 86.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Emery 2016, p. 322.
  3. ^ "Comte Jean de Dunois" [Count Jean de Dunois] (in French). montjoye.net. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  4. ^ Gillerman 1994, p. 169.

References[edit]

  • Emery, Anthony (2016). Seats of Power in Europe during the Hundred Years War. Oxbow Books. 
  • Gillerman, Dorothy W. (1994). Enguerran De Marigny and the Church of Notre-Dame at Ecouis: Art and Patronage in the Reign of Philip the Fair. Pennsylvania University Press. 
  • Sowerby, Tracey A.; Hennings, Jan, eds. (2017). Practices of Diplomacy in the Early Modern World C.1410-1800. Routledge. 


Further reading[edit]

French nobility
New creation Count of Mortain
1424 – 1425
to royal domain
Count of Dunois
1439 – 1468
Succeeded by
François
Count of Longueville
1443 – 1468
Preceded by
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Count of Périgord
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Succeeded by
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Preceded by
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Viscount of Saint-Sauveur
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Succeeded by
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Preceded by
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Lord of Valbonais
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Succeeded by
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