Jean de Schulemberg

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Jean III de Schulemberg, comte de Montejeu[x] (ca 1597/98 - 25 March 1671), of distant Prussian origin,[1] was born at the château de Guincourt,[2] son of Jean, seigneur de Montejeu and his wife[3] Anne, daughter of Jean d'Averhoult, seigneur de La Lobe.


He attended a course of studies at the Academy of Sedan, but at the age of sixteen served as cornet (standard-bearer) to the Protestant Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, sovereign prince of Sedan, whom he followed at the siege of Vercelli in Piedmont (1614), and then at the battle of Prague, 8 November 1620. In 1621 he proclaimed himself a Roman Catholic though still serving under Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne. With the formal outbreak of hostilities in the Thirty Years' War, he participated at the sieges of Saint-Jean d'Angely and Montauban, then commanded troops repelling the siege of Coblenz;[4] he fought under the maréchal de La Force, commanded troops in Berry and in Artois, was made a field marshal (1639), a lieutenant-general (1650), and then, called from Coblenz to be governor of Arras, made a name for himself at the defense of Arras (1654), facing down and counterattacking the prince de Condé, at the head of Spanish troops; the Great Condé was forced to retire, 25 August. In consequence of this success he was made marquis de Montejeu[5] and a Marshal of France, 16 June 1658. He was made a Chevalier du Saint-Esprit, 31 December 1661.[5] He died in 1671 at his château of Montejeu, Attigny.

He married Madeleine de Roure,[6] daughter of the seigneur de Basancourt; she died in 1674. They left no children.


A brief biographical sketch was published by Suzanne Renée Briet, "Un Maréchal de France inconnu : Jean de Schulemberg, comte de Mont-de-Jeux (1598-1671)", Les cahiers d’études ardennais 4 (1959:38-40) Mezières: Editions de la Société d'Études Ardennaises, Archives departmentales; it was expanded in book form as Le maréchal de Schulemberg (Mezières: Editions de la Société d'Études Ardennaises) 1960.


  1. ^ The family of his great grandfather, Jean I de Chuldeberg, who was naturalised in 1488, claimed connection with the Schulembergs of Brandenburg. Of that family, Ermengarde Melusina von der Schulemberg, Baroness Schulenberg (1667-1743), the daughter of Gustavus Adolphus von der Schulenberg, Baron Schulenberg, was the mistress of George I of Great Britain, who made her Duchess of Kendal.
  2. ^ According to Jean Baptiste Joseph Boulliot, Biographie ardennaise: ou Histoire des Ardennais qui se sont fait remarquer... (1830: vol II:377) s.v. "Jean de Schulemberg"; Boulliot's entry is based on a manuscript volume in the Royal Library, attributed to M. de Voignon, a commander of cavalry under Schulemberg.
  3. ^ The marriage took place 21 October 1596, according to Web.Genealogie: dynastie de Schulemberg.
  4. ^ Boulliot 1830
  5. ^ a b Boulliot 1830.
  6. ^ "De Forceville" according to Boulliot 1830.

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