Jean de Schulemberg
Jean III de Schulemberg, comte de Montejeu[x] (ca 1597/98 - 25 March 1671), of distant Prussian origin, was born at the château de Guincourt, son of Jean, seigneur de Montejeu and his wife Anne, daughter of Jean d'Averhoult, seigneur de La Lobe.
He attended a course of studies at the Academy of Sedan, but at the age of sixteen served as cornet (standard-bearer) to the Protestant Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, sovereign prince of Sedan, whom he followed at the siege of Vercelli in Piedmont (1614), and then at the battle of Prague, 8 November 1620. In 1621 he proclaimed himself a Roman Catholic though still serving under Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne. With the formal outbreak of hostilities in the Thirty Years' War, he participated at the sieges of Saint-Jean d'Angely and Montauban, then commanded troops repelling the siege of Coblenz; he fought under the maréchal de La Force, commanded troops in Berry and in Artois, was made a field marshal (1639), a lieutenant-general (1650), and then, called from Coblenz to be governor of Arras, made a name for himself at the defense of Arras (1654), facing down and counterattacking the prince de Condé, at the head of Spanish troops; the Great Condé was forced to retire, 25 August. In consequence of this success he was made marquis de Montejeu and a Marshal of France, 16 June 1658. He was made a Chevalier du Saint-Esprit, 31 December 1661. He died in 1671 at his château of Montejeu, Attigny.
He married Madeleine de Roure, daughter of the seigneur de Basancourt; she died in 1674. They left no children.
A brief biographical sketch was published by Suzanne Renée Briet, "Un Maréchal de France inconnu : Jean de Schulemberg, comte de Mont-de-Jeux (1598-1671)", Les cahiers d’études ardennais 4 (1959:38-40) Mezières: Editions de la Société d'Études Ardennaises, Archives departmentales; it was expanded in book form as Le maréchal de Schulemberg (Mezières: Editions de la Société d'Études Ardennaises) 1960.
- The family of his great grandfather, Jean I de Chuldeberg, who was naturalised in 1488, claimed connection with the Schulembergs of Brandenburg. Of that family, Ermengarde Melusina von der Schulemberg, Baroness Schulenberg (1667-1743), the daughter of Gustavus Adolphus von der Schulenberg, Baron Schulenberg, was the mistress of George I of Great Britain, who made her Duchess of Kendal.
- According to Jean Baptiste Joseph Boulliot, Biographie ardennaise: ou Histoire des Ardennais qui se sont fait remarquer... (1830: vol II:377) s.v. "Jean de Schulemberg"; Boulliot's entry is based on a manuscript volume in the Royal Library, attributed to M. de Voignon, a commander of cavalry under Schulemberg.
- The marriage took place 21 October 1596, according to Web.Genealogie: dynastie de Schulemberg.
- Boulliot 1830
- Boulliot 1830.
- "De Forceville" according to Boulliot 1830.