Jeremy Mackenzie

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Sir Jeremy Mackenzie
Born (1941-02-11) 11 February 1941 (age 76)
Nairobi, Kenya
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1959–1999
Rank General
Commands held Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1994–98)
Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps (1992–94)
1st British Corps (1991–92)
4th Armoured Division (1989–91)
Staff College, Camberley (1989)
12th Armoured Brigade (1984–86)
1st Battalion Queen’s Own Highlanders (1980–81)
Battles/wars Brunei Rebellion
The Troubles
Bosnian War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Mentioned in Despatches
Officer of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Cross of Merit First Class (Czech Republic)
Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit (Hungary)

General Sir John Jeremy George Mackenzie, GCB, OBE, DL (born 11 February 1941) is a retired senior British Army officer who served as Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe from 1994 to 1998.

Early life[edit]

Mackenzie was born on 11 February 1941 in Nairobi, Kenya, the son of Lieutenant Colonel John W.E. Mackenzie of the Seaforth Highlanders. He was educated at the Duke of York’s School, Nairobi and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. [1]

Military career[edit]

Mackenzie was commissioned into the Queen’s Own Highlanders in July 1961,[2] and posted to the 1st Battalion in Singapore. He took part in putting down the Brunei Rebellion in 1962 and later served in a training capacity with the SAS. He was appointed Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion in 1980.[2] After graduating from the Staff College, Camberley, he was made a Company Commander with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in Northern Ireland and Brigade Major of the 24th Airportable Brigade. He was then second-in-command of the Queen’s Own Highlanders in South Armagh, being obliged to take command when the Commanding Officer was killed in the Warrenpoint ambush of 1979.[1]

In 1980/81 he commanded the 1st Battalion Queen's Own Highlanders in Hong Kong and was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. He then spent a few years as an instructor at the Army Staff College, Camberley and served on the Staff at the Ministry of Defence as a colonel. In 1984 he was promoted brigadier and made Commander of the 12th Armoured Brigade and, from March 1989, Commandant of the Staff College, Camberley. He then was made major general and General Officer Commanding 4th Armoured Division in December 1989,[2] and on 2 December 1991 appointed the last Commander of 1st (British) Corps with the acting rank of lieutenant general.[3] He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in December 1991.[4]

In 1992 he formed the Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps and became its first Commander.[2] In 1994 he was promoted full general in 1994 and given the post of Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe with special responsibility for the Partnership for Peace Program and the Expansion of NATO, and responsible for coordinating 52,000 troops from 34 nations who moved into Bosnia and Herzegovina.[5] He was also given the colonelcy of the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) from 1994 to 2001.[6]

He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1999, having previously been awarded the US Legion of Merit twice in 1997 and 1999, the Czech Republic's Cross of Merit First Class, and the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary in 1998. He was also an Aide de Camp General to the Queen from 1992 to 1996,[2] Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea from August 1999 to September 2006,[7][8] and a Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London.[9] He retired from the army in 1999.[2]

Retirement[edit]

In retirement Mackenzie became chairman of UK Gear (a footwear manufacturer),[1] and chairman of AC Cars (a car manufacturer).[10] He also became a director of Blue Hackle (a security business).[11]

Private life[edit]

He married Elizabeth Lyon (née Wertenbaker) and has a son and a daughter.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "UK Gear is delighted to announce the appointment of General Sir Jeremy Mackenzie (retired) as its Chairman". 1 August 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Blue Hackle
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52732. p. 18536. 3 December 1991.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52767. p. 2. 31 December 1991.
  5. ^ Enabling operation
  6. ^ "The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons)". Regiments.og. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 55590. p. 9174. 24 August 1999. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
  8. ^ Registered Charities
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 58021. p. 8345. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
  10. ^ "Fresh start for AC Cars". The Telegraph. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "Blue Hackle Board of Directors". Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  12. ^ The International Who's Who 2004. 
Military offices
Preceded by
John Learmont
Commandant of the Staff College, Camberley
March – December 1989
Succeeded by
William Rous
Preceded by
William Rous
General Officer Commanding the 4th Armoured Division
1989–1991
Succeeded by
Anthony Denison-Smith
Preceded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
GOC 1st (British) Corps
1991–1992
Post disbanded
New title Commander Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps
1992–1994
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Walker
Preceded by
Sir John Waters
Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe
1994–1998
Succeeded by
Sir Rupert Smith
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Brian Kenny
Governor, Royal Hospital Chelsea
1999–2006
Succeeded by
The Lord Walker of Aldringham