Jerome Urban (1914-1991) was an American surgical oncologist who promoted superradical mastectomies until 1963, when the lack of difference in ten-year survival rates convinced him that it worked no better than the less-mutilating radical mastectomy.
Born in Brooklyn, he attended Andrew College and then Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. He was a resident in the surgical oncology program of Memorial Sloan-Kettering under George T. Pack.
- https://www.nytimes.com/1991/06/15/obituaries/dr-jerome-urban-77-surgeon-who-specialized-in-breast-cancer.html Anarvaez, Alfonso A. (1991) Dr. Jerome Urban, 77, Surgeon Who Specialized in Breast Cancer, New York Times, June 15 (Accessed Sep 2011)
- Olson, James Stuart (2002). Bathsheba's breast: women, cancer & history. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-8018-6936-6.