September 19, 1784|
Uxbridge, Massachusetts, USA
|Died||October 10, 1861
Uxbridge, Massachusetts, USA
|Occupation||Textile pioneer at Uxbridge|
|Known for||Early American Textile Pioneer|
|Children||Charles A Wheelock|
|Parent(s)||Simeon Wheelock and Deborah (Thayer) Wheelock|
He was the youngest son of Simeon and Deborah Thayer Wheelock of Uxbridge, MA, and was born September 19, 1784 at Uxbridge. He was a sixth generation descendent of the first Wheelock settler, Rev. Ralph Wheelock. The Rev. Ralph Wheelock of Dedham, MA who had been a contemporary of John Milton at Oxford University and who was a Puritan minister in the 1630s, had been the first to establish public education in America. Jerry was the youngest of eight in the Wheelock family at Uxbridge and was born just after the end of the Revolutionary War.
His father Simeon, had been a blacksmith, the town clerk, and a Lieutenant at Lexington and Concord in the Massachusetts Militia which preceded the more organized Continental Army. His father Simeon was killed in war action around two years after Jerry's birth. Simeon died in September 1786 at the age of 45 when his horse slipped on the ice while engaged in the suppression of Shays' Rebellion in Springfield.
His mother, who raised him primarily by herself, became his principal teacher, although Uxbridge had a basic school since 1732. At an early age Jerry was "put out to learn a trade" as a maker of tubs, and pails.
An industrial incuabator and early work experiences
There was plentiful "bog" iron ore in Uxbridge, and at least three local forges for metal working and a working triphammer established by Caleb Handy at Ironstone, Massachusetts. In 1810/1811 Daniel Day completed the first woolen mill at Uxbridge in 1809, a town that one day would be headquarters and next in line to become America's largest woolen company. Jerry married Sukey Day, the daughter of Daniel and Sylvia (Wheelock) Day in January 1811.
Jerry soon became a full partner with Daniel Day &vCo. in the Carding machine company first established near the junction of the West and Blackstone Rivers. After a few years, Jerry worked for Artemus Dryden of Holden, MA, which manufactured Carding machines near Worcester, MA the county seat. Carding machine manufacture in Worcester County began with Pliny Earle I at Leicester, MA, (near Holden), as early as the 1780s. Jerry then was employed with the newly formed Rivulet Manufacturing company, founded by Chandler Taft in North Uxbridge in 1814, and worked his way up to Superintendent. He later struck out on his own and manufactured his own machinery at Uxbridge until 1833 (age 49). He and his son Charles A. Wheelock then entered into a manufacturing business known as Jerry Wheelock and Son. His grandson Silas Wheelock joined the business in the 1840s.
The Blackstone Valley would later be known as a historic corridor of national significance to America's earliest industrialization. The woolen mill started by Daniel Day and Jerry Wheelock continues today, two centuries later, under the name of Berrocco Inc. a yarn distribution company, with headquarters for many years in the Elmdale section of Uxbridge, where Daniel and Jerry started the first woolen mill. More recently it has since moved to nearby North Smithfield, Rhode Island.
Jerry died at Uxbridge on October 10, 1861 at the age of 77.
Notes and references
- "walking tours-Uxbridge". Blackstone Daily. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
- New New England States,. DH Hurd, Boston, 1897. p. 268. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- Vital Records of Uxbridge, MA for birth info, Massachusetts Vital records for death info, and marriage info
- Marvin, Rev. Abijah Perkins (1879). History of Worcester County, Massachusetts, Embracing a Comprehensive History of the County from its earliest beginnings to the present time; Vol. II. Boston, MA: CF Jewitt and Company. pp. 421–436.
- Chapin, Judge Henry (1881). Address Delivered at the Unitarian Church in Uxbridge; 1864. Worcester, Mass.: Charles Hamilton Press (Harvard Library; from Google Books).
- http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,819703,00.htmlBusiness: Time Clock, Time Magazine, March 29, 1954
- (Google Books: Historical Homes and Institutions, Ellery Bicknell Crane, page 186, vol 3 Historic Homes and Genealogies, Ellery Bicknell Crane, p. 186-188, vol 3)
- The Blackstone Valley, National Park Service website
- Berroco Inc. Continuation of a 200 year family textile/yarn enterprise
other sources of Family information to corroborate information: Wheelock College and family records, Daughters of the American Revolution, Genealogy.com/wheelock etc.