Joe Henderson in Japan is a live album by American saxophonist Joe Henderson, released on Milestone Records in 1971. In the early 1970s jazz was not enjoying an explosion of popularity in the land of its birth. In Japan, the story was different. The country's jazz listeners came to the music full of appreciation that grows from deep knowledge, and they knew Joe Henderson. No young modern jazz player had created more excitement and interest in Japan. When he arrived for an engagement in Tokyo at a club with the piquant name Junk Club, anticipation was running high. Joining a local rhythm section, he rewarded his fans with some of the most inspired performances of his career. According to the jazz historian Bill Kirchner:
"Joe Henderson in Japan"... is one of the handful of records from the late Sixties and early Seventies to be studied like a textbook by the most advanced young jazz musicians. It's that kind of a record.
Allmusic awarded the album with 4.5 stars and its review by Scott Yanow states: "Performing at the Junk Club in Tokyo, Henderson is joined by an all-Japanese rhythm section (electric pianist Hideo Ichikawa, bassist Kunimitsu Inaba, and drummer Motohiko Hino) on lengthy versions of "'Round Midnight," "Blue Bossa," and his two originals "Out 'n' In" and "Junk Blues." Henderson sounds quite inspired throughout the set, and the obscure rhythm section (only Hino is known in the U.S.) really pushes him. An underrated gem."