Early life and education
Tilson was born in London on 24 August 1928. He was in the Royal Air Force from 1946 to 1949. He studied at Saint Martin's School of Art from 1949 until 1952, and then at the Royal College of Art until 1955. In that year he received a Rome Prize, and went to Italy for two years. He returned to London in 1957, and from 1958 to 1963 he taught at Saint Martin's, and subsequently taught at the Slade School of Fine Art, University College London, The School of Visual Arts, New York and the Hochschule fur Bildende Kunste, Hamburg. In 1961 he exhibited at the Paris Biennale.
During the 1960s Tilson became one of the leading figures associated with the British Pop Art movement. Making use of his previous experience as a carpenter and joiner, Tilson produced wooden reliefs and constructions as well as prints and paintings. As a student at the RCA Tilson associated with Frank Auerbach, Leon Kossoff, R. B. Kitaj, Peter Blake, Allen Jones, Patrick Caulfield and David Hockney.
His first one-man show was held at the Marlborough Gallery, London in 1962. In 1977 he joined the Waddington Galleries and also exhibited at the Alan Cristea Gallery and the Giò Marconi Galleries in Milan. Tilson's work gained an international reputation when shown at the XXXII Venice Biennale in 1964, which led to a retrospective at the Boyman's Museum, Rotterdam in 1964. Further retrospective exhibitions followed at the Vancouver Art Gallery in 1979 and the Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol in 1984.
Growing disillusionment with the consumer society led to a change in Tilson work in the 1970s. After moving to Wiltshire in 1972, Tilson began to use a wider variety of materials, including stone, straw and rope in an effort to transcend time and culture by drawing on the motifs of pre-Classical mythology. This body of work was called Alchera.
Tilson's work has been exhibited regularly in solo shows throughout the world: Cortona Centro Culturale Fontanella Borghese, Rome (1990), Plymouth City Museum (1991), Palazzo Pubblico, Siena (1995), Mestna Gallery, Ljubljana (1996) and Galleria Comunale d'Arte, Cesena (2000). Recently a major retrospective was held at the Royal Academy of Arts, London (2002). Among Tilson's awards are the Gulbenkian Foundation Prize (1960) and the Grand Prix d'Honneur, Biennale of Ljubljana (1996). He is a Royal Academician and his career was celebrated with a retrospective exhibition in 2002 at the Royal Academy 'Joe Tilson: Pop to Present' (Sackler Galleries) from April 2002. He was also invited to paint the banner for the "Palio", Siena in 1996. In 2019, he was commissioned make an installation for the Swatch Pavilion at the Venice Biennial inspired by his 'Stones of Venice' works. He also designed a limited edition watch as part of the project.
Tilson lives and works in London and Italy.
Tilson's solo exhibitions include:
Tilson's art is held in public collections including the Tate Gallery, London; MoMA, New York and the Stedelijk, Amsterdam.
- Marco Livingstone (2003). Tilson, Joe. Grove Art Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T085057. (subscription required).
- Tilson, Joseph, Called Joe. Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00182966. (subscription required).
- "Joe Tilson, R.A". Royal Academy of Arts Collections. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "Joe Tilson". Marlborough Fine Art.
- www.ilpalio.org, Orlando Papei e Fabrizio Gabrielli -. "Pittori del Palio di Siena". www.ilpalio.org.
- "Swatch and Joe Tilson fly the flag for Venice". 13 May 2019.
- Will Birch (2010). Ian Dury: The Definitive Biography. Pan Macmillan. p. 359. ISBN 978-0-283-07121-8.
- Joe Tilson: Pages (exh. cat., London, Marlborough F.A., 1970) ASIN: B000KCXLN6
- Joe Tilson (exh. cat., Rotterdam, Mus. Boymans–van Beuningen, 1973) [with texts by the artist] A. C. Quintavalle: Tilson, preface P. Restany (Milan, 1977) ASIN: B005IV7UKO
- Tilson Alchera. Notes for Country Works, Marlborough Gallery (1976)ASIN: B00CE48WDM
- Gillo Dorfles: Maestri contemporanei: Tilson, (Milan, 1982)
- Maurizio Fagiolo dell'Arco: Opere recenti: Extra Moenia, (Todi, 1992) M. Compton and M. Livingstone: Tilson (London and Milan, 1993) ISBN 8886264003
- Enrico Crispolti: Terracotta e maiolica; sculture e rilievi, (Imola, 1995)
- Mel Gooding: Tilson: Pop to Present, (Royal Academy of Arts, London 2002)
- Enzo Di Martino: Tilson, The Printed Works – L'Opera Grafica 1963–2009, preface by Phillip Rylands and texts by Alan Cristea, Enzo Di Martino, Joe Tilson, Papiro Arte (2009) ISBN 8870604985
- Venice, 2009 (Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2010)
- Joe Tilson – a Survey, Marlborough Fine Art (London) Ltd (24 Feb 2013)ISBN 1904373054