Johan Kjær Hansen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Johan Kjær Hansen
Johan Kjær Hansen.jpeg
Johan Kjær Hansen
Born
Johan Kjær Hansen[1]

(1907-04-07)7 April 1907[1][2][3][4][5]
Died29 June 1944(1944-06-29) (aged 37)[2][3][4][5][6]
Cause of deathExecution by firing squad,[2][5] gunshot wounds to the chest[3]
OccupationMechanic[2][3][6]
Known forExecuted as member of the Danish resistance movement[2][3][6]
Spouse(s)(married until 1944)[2][3]
Parent(s)Hans Christian Johan Andreas Hansen and Anna Elisabeth Nielsen née Kjær[1][2][3]
Website"Modstandsdatabasen" [Resistance Database]. Johan Kjær Hansen (in Danish). Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet. Retrieved 2014-11-20.

Johan Kjær Hansen (7 April 1907 – 29 June 1944) was a member of the Danish resistance executed by the German occupying power.

Biography[edit]

Hansen was born in Hjørring on 7 April 1907 as son of deceased bicycle manufacturer Hans Christian Johan Andreas Hansen and 29-year-old widow Anna Elisabeth Nielsen née Kjær and baptized in Gassum on the second Sunday after Trinity.[1]

In addition to being a member of the Hvidsten group[5] Hansen was also a mechanic.[2][6]

The group helped the British Special Operations Executive parachute weapons and supplies into Denmark for distribution to the resistance.

In March 1944 the Gestapo made an "incredible number of arrests" including in the region of Randers where a number of members of the Hvidsten group were arrested.[7]

The following month De frie Danske reported that several arrestees from Hvidsten had been transferred from Randers to Vestre Fængsel.[8]

On 29 June 1944 Hansen and seven other members of the Hvidsten group were executed in Ryvangen.[2][3][4][5][9][10]

After his death[edit]

On 15 July 1944 De frie Danske reported on the execution of several members of the Hvidsten group.[11] Six months later the January 1945 issue of the resistance newspaper Frit Danmark (Free Denmark) reported that on 29 June the previous year Hansen and seven other named members of the Hvidsten group had been executed.[6]

On 5 July 1945 Hansen's remains and those of five others from the group were found in Ryvangen and transferred to the Department of Forensic Medicine of the university of Copenhagen[2][9] where an inquest the same day showed that he was executed with gunshot wounds to the chest.[3] The remains of the two remaining executed members of the group, Marius Fiil and his son Niels had been found in the same area three days before.[9]

On 10 July he was together with the seven other executed group members cremated at Bispebjerg Cemetery.[2][3][9][10]

In 1945 a memorial stone over the eight executed members of the Hvidsten group was raised near Hvidsten Inn.[5]

Memorial stone for the Hvidsten group in Hvidsten

Similarly a larger memorial stone for resistance members including the eight executed members of the Hvidsten group has been laid down in Ryvangen Memorial Park.[4]

Memorial stone in Ryvangen for resistance members including the Hvidsten group

Portrayal in the media[edit]

  • In the 2012 Danish drama film Hvidsten Gruppen (This Life) Johan Kjær Hansen is portrayed by Henrik Vestergaard.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Fødte Mandkøn" [Born Males]. Kirkebog [Parish Register]. 1900-1910 (in Danish). Hjørring. 1907. p. 158.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Døde Mandkøn" [Deceased Males]. Kirkebog [Parish Register]. 1930-1946 (in Danish). Sankt Johannes Sogn. 1945. p. 354. Død 29 Juni 1944 Ryvangen Fundet 5 Juli 1945. Skudt. Begravet 10 Juli 1945 Bispebjerg Krematorium. Mekaniker, Gift, 37 Aar
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Døde Mandkøn" [Deceased Males]. Kirkebog [Parish Register]. 1942-1949 (in Danish). Bispebjerg Sogn. 1945. p. 64. Ligsyn Retsmedicinsk Institut. Dødsaarsag: Skudsaar i Brystet Dødsmaaden: Henrettet ved Skydning
  4. ^ a b c d IOHAN KIÆR HANSEN (Inscribed Stone Monument) (in Danish). Ryvangen Memorial Park. * 7.4.1907 * + 29.6.1944 +
  5. ^ a b c d e f JOH. KJÆR HANSEN * 7. 4. 1907 (Inscribed Stone Monument) (in Danish). Hvidsten Inn. 1944 DEN 29. JUNI
    FALDT DE FOR DE TYSKE KUGLER
    DYREBART ER DERES MINDE FOR DANMARK
    REJST AARET 1945
  6. ^ a b c d e "29. Juni - 8 Frihedskæmpere henrettet" [29 June - 8 freedom fighters executed]. Frit Danmark (in Danish). January 1945. p. 9. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  7. ^ "Utrolig mange Arrestationer" [Incredibly many arrests]. De frie Danske (in Danish). 18 March 1944. p. 10. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  8. ^ "ARRESTEREDE" [ARRESTED]. De frie Danske (in Danish). 23 April 1944. p. 10. Retrieved 24 November 2014. Kroejer Marius Fiil med flere fra Hvidsten er blevet overført fra Randers til Vestre
  9. ^ a b c d "Døde Mandkøn" [Deceased Males]. Kirkebog [Parish Register]. 1930-1946 (in Danish). Sankt Johannes Sogn. 1945. p. 352.
  10. ^ a b "Døde Mandkøn" [Deceased Males]. Kirkebog [Parish Register]. 1942-1949 (in Danish). Bispebjerg Sogn. 1945. p. 63. Ligsyn Retsmedicinsk Institut. Dødsaarsag: Skudsaar i Brystet Dødsmaaden: Henrettet ved Skydning
  11. ^ "EN FOLKELIG SKIKKELSE, ET HISTORISK EKSEMPEL PAA JYLLANDS SEJGHED UNDER FREMMEDHEREDØMMET" [A POPULAR FIGURE, A HISTORICAL EXAMPLE OF JUTLAND'S TOUGHNESS UNDER FOREIGN RULE]. De frie Danske (in Danish). 15 July 1944. p. 7. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  12. ^ "This life / Hvidsten Gruppen - nogle må dø for at andre kan leve". dfi.dk. Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  • Holm, Axel (1945). Hvidsten-Gruppen [The Hvidsten Group] (in Danish). Aarhus: Gravers Andersens Forlag. 142 pages. OCLC 492247465. Archived from the original on 2007-09-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  • Røjel, Jørgen (1984). Modstandsgruppen Hvidsten [The resistance group Hvidsten] (in Danish). Copenhagen: Samleren. 249 pages. ISBN 87-568-0743-0. OCLC 13424058.