John A. Moorehead
Moorhead from The Owl, 1908
|Date of birth||February 19, 1882|
|Place of birth||Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Date of death||August 18, 1931(aged 49)|
|Place of death||Sewickley, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Career highlights and awards|
John Alston Moorehead (February 19, 1882 – August 18, 1931) was a college football head coach for Western University of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pittsburgh) during the 1907 and 1908 seasons. He applied for the coaching job after being cut off by his father for eloping with his mother's French maid. Prior to coaching at Pittsburgh, Moorehead played halfback while attending Yale University. He graduated from the school in 1904.
Some historical records from refer to him as John A. Moorhead and as James A. Moorehead. He was also referred to as "Jim".
In 1906 John A. Moorehead took on assistant coaching duties for the Western University of Pennsylvania's (now the University of Pittsburgh) football team under then head coach Edgar Wingard. In 1907, he was hired as the head coach of the team, guiding it to an 8–2 record, with the team's only losses coming at the hands of Cornell University and Washington & Jefferson College. Highlighting the season was a 6–0 win over Penn State, which at the time was particularly noteworthy as it had been only the second time that the university's football team had defeated the Nittany Lions in the burgeoning rivalry between the two schools. Moorehead was retained as head coach in 1908, and guided the team to an 8–3 record. During that season, he helped to facilitate the implementation of the first known use of numbers on the uniforms of football players. In 1909, Moorehead withdrew his name from the candidacy for that season's coaching position at the urging of his father who wanted him to have a more direct role in the family's business interests. However, John A. did use his influence to help elect Joseph H. Thompson as his successor to the head coaching position at Pittsburgh.
John A. Moorehead was born into one of Pittsburgh's oldest and wealthiest families. His father, John Moorehead, Jr., was an executive in the steel industry, president of the city's first professional football team, the Allegheny Athletic Association, and a former Yale football player alongside Walter Camp. Like his father, John A. attended Yale where he played halfback on the football team, and graduated in 1904. In 1906, John A. arrived at his family's home in Allegheny, Pennsylvania just as his mother, Anna Alston, was returning from a trip to Paris. Alston was accompanied home by a French maid named Marguerite Clements. John A. and Marguerite fell in love, and their relationship, which was kept a secret, blossomed. However, word of the affair soon reached Alston, who then fired Clements. Upon hearing this, John A. declared, "If she goes, I go with her." The two then married in New York City the following day, but John A. was subsequently cut off from his family's fortune and forced to make his own way in life.
John A. and his father reportedly reconciled during the February, 1907 funeral of Miss Anne Katherine Moorhead, the sister of John A., who was killed in a train wreck on the New York Central Railroad in the Bronx. The coaching success of Moorehead, particularly the 1907 win over rival Penn State, and his ability to provide for himself and his wife, further helped to change the attitude of the elder Moorhead towards his son. According to The New York Times, the father had "taken his son back to his heart, told him that he has demonstrated that he is every inch a man, and extended to him and his young wife the place that belongs to them in the family circle".
John A. and Marguerite would go on to have one child, Marjorie Anne Moorhead. John A. also had a brother, Donald Moorehead, who also attended Yale.
- "Yale Methods Against Penn". The Pittsburg Press. Pittsburgh, PA. 1907-09-20. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- Davis, Carl E. (1907-08-18). "Football Outlook at Western University". The Pittsburg Press. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
- "Athletics". The Owl. Western University of Pennsylvania. 1909. pp. 212–215. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- "Choice of Moorhead is Promptly Ratified". The Pittsburg Press. 1908-04-12. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
- Davis, Ralph S. (1908-10-29). "Being a College Football Player is Far From an Easy Proposition". The Pittsburg Press. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- "Athletics". The Owl. University of Pittsburgh. 1910. pp. 127–136. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- O'Brien, Jim (editor) (1982). Hail to Pitt: A Sports History of the University of Pittsburgh. Wolfson Publishing Co. p. 62. ISBN 0-916114-08-2.
- Sullivan, George (2004). Any Number Can Play: The Numbers Athletes Wear. Millbrook Press. p. 13. ISBN 0-7613-1557-8.
- Murphy, Arthur (1959-09-28). "Memo From The Publisher". Sports Illustrated. Time, Inc.: 15.
- "Moorehead Quits Coaching". The New York Times. 1909-02-19. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- "Son's Team Wins; Father Forgives". The New York Times. 1907-12-02. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- "Young Moorhead Forgiven, Father Reconciled with His Son After Daughter's Funeral". The New York Times. 1907-02-25. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- Herron, Frank (2007-12-01). "100 Years Ago Today: Dec. 2, 1907 (Monday)". Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- PFRA Research. "Three A's for Football" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association: 1–4.
- PFRA Research. "Camp and His Followers" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association: 1–5.
- Riffenburgh, Beau and Bob Carroll (1989). "The Birth of Pro Football" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 11 (Annual): 1–30.
- Peterson, Robert W. (1997). Pigskin: The Early Years of Pro Football. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-511913-4.
- Fox, Stephen (1994). Big Leagues: Professional Baseball, Football, and Basketball in National Memory. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-6896-3.
- History of the Class of 1910, Yale College. Yale University. 1910.