John Archer Elmore

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John Archer Elmore
Born August 21, 1762 (1762-08-21)
Prince Edward County, Virginia[1]
Died April 24, 1834 (1834-04-25)
Autauga, Alabama
Allegiance  United States of America
Rank Private
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War
Other work South Carolina State Legislature
Alabama State Legislature

John Archer Elmore (21 August 1762- 24 April 1834) was an American military officer and politician. Born in Virginia to a Quaker father, Elmore nonetheless joined the Continental Army during the American Revolution.[1]


Elmore was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia on 21 August 1762 to Archelaus Elmore and Susannah Morris. He joined the Continental Army while still a youth and served in the Virginia Line under Nathanael Greene. Elmore was with Green in his tour through the Carolinas, and was present at the Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.[2]

After the war, he settled in Laurens District, South Carolina, where he was elected to the State Legislature. In 1819, he moved to Autauga, Alabama, where he was again elected as a State Legislator and served there until his death in 1834. Part of Autauga County was renamed Elmore County in his honor.[3][4]

His interment was Autauga County's Huntington Cemetery.


Elmore married Mary Ann Sarah Saxon on 1 March 1788 and they had five children. Elmore was later married to Mary Martin on 14 March 1805 with whom he had another 14 children.[5][6]

Children with Mary Ann Sarah Saxon

  • Benjamin Thomas (1791-1841)
  • Narcissa (1792-1795)
  • Sophia Saxon (1794-1825)
  • Charlotte Perry (1796-1832)
  • Franklin Harper (1799-1850) (U.S. Congressman and Senator from South Carolina)

Children with Mary Ann Martin

See also[edit]