Laurens County, South Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Laurens County, South Carolina
Laurens County Courthouse.jpg
Laurens County Courthouse in February 2012
Map of South Carolina highlighting Laurens County
Location in the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1785
Seat Laurens
Largest city Laurens
Area
 • Total 724 sq mi (1,875 km2)
 • Land 714 sq mi (1,849 km2)
 • Water 10 sq mi (26 km2), 1.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 66,533
 • Density 93/sq mi (36/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.laurenscountysc.org

Laurens County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 66,537.[1] Its county seat is Laurens.[2]

Laurens County is included in the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Laurens County was formed in 1785. It was named after Henry Laurens, the fifth president of the Continental Congress.

One of nine modern counties of the Colonial Ninety-Six District, Laurens County hosted more "official" (i.e. officially recognized and contemporaneously documented by competent governments) battles than did half of the original colonies. The Battle of Musgrove Mill was the first time during the American Revolution that regular soldiers of Great Britain were defeated in battle by militia.

Those battles in modern Laurens County were:

  1. Fort Lindley/Lindler
  2. Widow Kellet's Block House
  3. Musgrove's Mill
  4. Farrow's Station
  5. Duncan Creek Meeting House
  6. Indian Creek
  7. Hammond's Store
  8. Fort Williams (not to be confused with Williamson's fort some 25 miles south in Greenwood County)
  9. Cedar Springs (begun in Cross Anchor SC, then an old-fashioned "Hoss Chase" of fifty eight miles through four counties and ended in NC after about 30 hours!)
  10. Mud Lick Creek
  11. Hayes' Station. (Joe Goldsmith, State Historian, SC Soc., Sons of the American Revolution)

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 724 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 714 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (1.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 9,337
1800 12,809 37.2%
1810 14,982 17.0%
1820 17,682 18.0%
1830 20,863 18.0%
1840 21,584 3.5%
1850 23,407 8.4%
1860 23,858 1.9%
1870 22,536 −5.5%
1880 29,444 30.7%
1890 31,610 7.4%
1900 24,311 −23.1%
1910 26,650 9.6%
1920 42,560 59.7%
1930 42,094 −1.1%
1940 44,185 5.0%
1950 46,974 6.3%
1960 47,609 1.4%
1970 49,713 4.4%
1980 52,214 5.0%
1990 58,092 11.3%
2000 69,567 19.8%
2010 66,537 −4.4%
Est. 2016 66,777 [4] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 69,567 people, 26,290 households, and 18,876 families residing in the county. The population density was 97 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 30,239 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.57% White, 26.23% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,290 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,933, and the median income for a family was $39,739. Males had a median income of $30,402 versus $21,684 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,761. About 11.60% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over.

As of May 2012, the county unemployment rate was 9.5%.[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 66,537 people, 25,525 households, and 17,707 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 93.2 inhabitants per square mile (36.0/km2). There were 30,709 housing units at an average density of 43.0 per square mile (16.6/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 70.4% white, 25.4% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 11.8% were American, 9.8% were Irish, 9.6% were German, and 8.8% were English.[13]

Of the 25,525 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, and 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 39.9 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,529 and the median income for a family was $45,769. Males had a median income of $36,807 versus $26,799 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,757. About 14.1% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.0% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Education[edit]

There are three public school districts in the county. Laurens County District 55 covers what is generally the northeastern half of the county while District 56 covers the southwestern half. The Ware Shoals area is covered by the multi-county Greenwood County District 51. There are two public high schools in the county: Laurens (in Dist. 55) and Clinton (in Dist. 56.)

Public K-12 education includes Hickory Tavern Elementary, Ford Elementary, Gray Court-Owings, E.B. Morse, Hickory Tavern Middle, Laurens Middle, and Sanders Middle.

Private K-12 education includes Laurens Academy.

Presbyterian College, located in Clinton, is a four-year liberal-arts school founded in 1880.

2016 presidential election[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.3% 16,816 33.5% 8,889 3.2% 861
2012 58.0% 14,746 40.6% 10,318 1.4% 352
2008 58.3% 15,334 40.3% 10,578 1.4% 370
2004 60.7% 14,466 38.6% 9,205 0.7% 158
2000 59.3% 12,102 38.8% 7,920 1.9% 388
1996 48.7% 8,057 42.6% 7,055 8.7% 1,435
1992 48.5% 8,347 38.6% 6,638 12.9% 2,215
1988 62.0% 9,731 37.8% 5,930 0.3% 41
1984 64.5% 9,729 35.2% 5,312 0.3% 45
1980 42.8% 6,036 55.7% 7,856 1.4% 201
1976 41.3% 5,300 58.0% 7,440 0.7% 91
1972 74.5% 8,141 24.2% 2,650 1.3% 142
1968 39.8% 4,813 24.9% 3,016 35.3% 4,279
1964 53.8% 5,081 46.2% 4,365
1960 42.1% 3,299 58.0% 4,547
1956 20.7% 1,377 56.1% 3,726 23.2% 1,545
1952 47.9% 3,400 52.1% 3,697
1948 2.6% 69 19.5% 513 77.9% 2,047
1944 1.8% 38 93.4% 1,924 4.8% 98
1940 1.5% 40 98.5% 2,697
1936 0.4% 13 99.6% 3,069
1932 0.5% 13 99.4% 2,750 0.1% 4
1928 2.2% 44 97.6% 1,989 0.2% 4
1924 0.3% 6 99.5% 2,105 0.2% 4
1920 1.5% 35 98.5% 2,263
1916 0.7% 14 98.7% 1,895 0.6% 12
1912 0.4% 6 98.5% 1,566 1.1% 18
1904 2.7% 50 97.2% 1,779 0.1% 1
1900 1.9% 30 98.1% 1,540
United States presidential election in Laurens County, SC (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Donald Trump 16,770 63.3%
Democratic Hillary Clinton 8,845 33.4%
Libertarian Gary Johnson 373 1.4%
Independent Evan McMullin 200 0.8%
Green Jill Stein 124 0.5%
Constitution Darrell Castle 122 0.5%
American Peter Skewes 40 0.2%
Total votes 26,474 100%

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 18, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ http://www.eascinc.com/unemployment_rate.html
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 
  17. ^ "Cannon, Arthur Patrick (Pat), (1904 - 1966)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°29′N 82°01′W / 34.48°N 82.01°W / 34.48; -82.01