John Claypole of Northborough

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John Claypole was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1654. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.


Claypole was the son of Adam Claypole of Lolham Hall, Maxey, Northamptonshire,[1] and his wife Dorothy Wingfield, daughter of Robert Wingfield, of Upton, near Caster,[2] Northamptonshire and his wife Elizabeth Cecil, who was sister to William, Lord Burghley. His name was spelt in a great variety of ways, including Cleypole, Cleypoole, Chappole, Clappoole, Claipol, and Claypole.[3]

In 1637 Claypole was summoned as a gentleman before the Star Chamber, and the attorney-general was ordered to begin a prosecution against him for refusing to pay ship money. He declared for the Parliament at the start of the Civil War in 1643, and in 1644, he was appointed one of their assessors for the county of Northampton.

In 1654, Claypole was elected Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire in the First Protectorate Parliament. .[4] He may have been High Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1655, as major-general William Boteler recommends him to John Thurloe, in a letter to him, dated 16 November.[3]

Claypole was created a baronet by the Protector on 16 July 1657.[5] Also in 1657, he was made a commissioner with his son, for levying the taxes upon the county of Northampton; to distinguish them, he is called "John Claypole, esq. senior", and his son "Lord Claypole".[3]


Claypole married Mary Angell, the daughter of a wealthy London merchant. They had fourteen children, one of whom was John (1625–1688) who married a daughter of Oliver Cromwell.[3][6][7] James (1634–1687) another son, became a merchant, emigrated to Pennsylvania becoming a prominent member of the colony.[7]


  1. ^ Lolham Hall, Maxey,
  2. ^ "Chapter 15: Upton Church" (PDF), Five Parishes, Their People and Places: A History of the Villages of Castor, Ailsworth, Marholm with Milton, Upton and Sutton, The CAMUS Project, 2004, p. 153, ISBN 978-0954788117
  3. ^ a b c d Mark Noble, Memoirs of several persons and families who, by females, are allied to, or descended from the Protectorate-House of Cromwell, chiefly collected from original papers and records. To which is added a catalogue of such persons who were raised to honors or great employments by the Cromwells, with the lives of many of them. Volume II, Birmingham, Printed by Pearson and Rollanson, 1784. "Chapter 24 John Cleypole, Esq". pp. 249–362
  4. ^ Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. onepage&q&f&#61, false 229-239.
  5. ^  Firth, Charles Harding (1887). "Claypoole, John". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 11. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 12.
  6. ^ Firth, C. H.; Roots, Ivan (reviewer). "John Clayople". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5567. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ a b Zahedieh, Nuala. "James Clayople". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50425. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert Pickering, 1st Baronet
Thomas Brooke
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire
With: Sir Gilbert Pickering, 1st Baronet
Thomas Brooke
John Crew
Sir John Norwich, 1st Baronet
Sir John Dryden, 2nd Baronet
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert Pickering, 1st Baronet
William Boteler
Thomas Crew
John Lord Claypole
Alexander Blake
James Langham