John Dalton (bishop)
|The Right Reverend
John Dalton, O.S.F.
|Bishop of Harbour Grace, Newfoundland|
|Archdiocese||St. John's Newfoundland|
|Installed||February 29, 1856|
|Term ended||May 5, 1869|
|Successor||Enrico Carfagnini, O.S.F.|
|Consecration||May 25, 1856
by John Thomas Mullock, O.S.F.
Thurles, County Tipperary, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
|Died||May 5, 1869
Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, Canada
|Buried||Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Harbour Grace, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada|
Dalton was born in Thurles, County Tipperary, in 1821. In 1839 he left Ireland for Newfoundland, where his uncle, Charles Dalton, O.S.F., a Friar Minor, was serving as the parish priest of Immaculate Conception Parish in Harbour Grace. The following year, John also entered the Franciscan Order and was sent to study at St. Isidore’s College in Rome, the seminary of the Irish friars of the Order. He was ordained a Catholic priest there in 1846.
Dalton returned to Newfoundland that same year. He was then assigned as a curate by Michael Anthony Fleming, O.S.F., the Vicar Apostolic of Newfoundland, to assist his uncle by caring for the congregation of St. Patrick's Parish in Carbonear. When Charles Dalton was later transferred to Harbour Grace, John became parish priest in Carbonear.
In early 1856, the Diocese of St. John's, Newfoundland, was divided by the Holy See to form the new Diocese of Harbour Grace, and Dalton was appointed by Pope Pius IX on February 29 as its first bishop. He was ordained a bishop on May 25 of that year by John Thomas Mullock, O.F.M.. the Bishop of St. John's.
For the first few years Dalton continued to live at Carbonear but, following the death of his uncle, he moved in 1860 to the rectory at Harbour Grace. He spent the rest of his administration working to establish the structures of the diocese, including commencement of the construction of a cathedral for his diocese. He was also active in the local politics of the province. One of his first acts as bishop had been to ordain a native of Newfoundland as a priest.
Dalton died in his post in 1869. His remains are interred under the main altar of the present cathedral, built in 1892, which is currently inactive.
- "John Dalton". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
- "Bishop Michael Anthony Fleming, O.F.M.". Catholic Hierarchy.
- "Diocesan History". Roman Catholic Diocese of Grand Falls.
- "Cathedral of Immaculate Conception (Harbour Grace)". Heritage Newfoundland and Labrador.