John Gwynn (professor)

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For those of the same or similar name, see John Gwynne (disambiguation).

John Gwynn (1827 in Larne–April 1917) was an Irish Syriacist.[1] [2] He was Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Dublin[3][4] from 1888. His children included Lucy Gwynn, first lady registrar of Trinity College in February 1905, Stephen Gwynn, and Edward Gwynn, Provost 3 October 1927.[5][6]


Gwynn produced editions of the five books missing from the traditional canon of the New Testament of the Aramaic New Testament of the Peshitta: 2 John, 3 John, 2 Peter, Jude in 1893, and Revelation in 1897.[7] He worked from 20 manuscripts for the epistles, but had to rely on only one, the Crawford Aramaic New Testament manuscript, for Revelation.[8] These were later added to the Gospels and Epistles of Philip E. Pusey and George Gwilliam to produce the 1905 United Bible Societies standard edition of the Syriac Peshitta.

Gaelic revival[edit]

Both he and his son Edward John Gwynn were very interested in the Irish language.[9] He spent 20 years preparing the manuscript of The Book of Armagh: Liber Ardmachanus for publication (1903).[10]


  1. ^ "is dead, in his 91st year (see the Guardian for April 12th)".
  2. ^ Robert Brendan McDowell The Church of Ireland: 1869-1969 1975- Page 84 "When Salmon became provost in 1888 he was succeeded as regius professor by John Gwynn, a scholar of great linguistic gifts (he was said to have learned Syriac 'to relieve the tedium of long railway journeys from Donegal to Dublin') and a ..."
  3. ^ The paintings and sculpture in Trinity College Dublin 1990 Page 64 "GWYNN, Edward ]ohn (1868-1941) The third son of John Gwynn, later Regius Professor of Divinity, the future Provost was born in his father's ... GWYNN, John (1829-1917) Gwynn was born at Larne, County Antrim, the son of a clergyman. "
  4. ^ Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques 1909 - Volume 3 - Page 391 "Le Dr John Gwynn, «Regius Professor» de théologie à l'université de Dublin (Trinity Collège), a pris sa retraite après 25 ans d'enseignement."
  5. ^ Judith Harford, Claire Rush -Have Women Made a Difference?: Women in Irish Universities, 1850-2010 -2010 Page 19 "... fact that at this period Trinity was very much a male preserve and women were excluded from many College activities.52 Lucy Gwynn, daughter of John Gwynn, Regius Professor of Divinity, was appointed first lady registrar in February 1905."
  6. ^ Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique Université catholique de Louvain (1835-1969) - 1928 - Volume 24 - Page 237 "Le 3 octobre 1927, M. Edward John Gwynn a été élu prévôt de Trinity Collège, à Dublin, en remplacement du Dr Bernard, décédé (Voir RHE. 1927, t.XXIII, p. 923). Frère de M. Stephen Gwynn et fils du Rev. John Gwynn, regius professor de ..."
  7. ^ Two memoirs on the Syriac versions of the New Testament, John Gwynn - 1893 "This Ms. ranges the Seven Catholic Epistles, as of equal authenticity, in the order, 1, 2, 3 John; 1, 2 Peter; Jude : but it is only a book of miscellanies and may be set aside as not properly entering into the scope of our inquiry. "
  8. ^ The Apocalypse of St. John: In a Syriac Version Hitherto Unknown Page cxviii John Gwynn - 1897 "As has been stated, it not only includes the four non-Peshitto Epistles, but reckons them among the Catholic Epistles, ... placing them in their usual Greek order, so that 2 Peter comes next after 1 Peter and before 1 John
  9. ^ Rosemary Cullen Owens Louie Bennett 2001 - Page 134 "John Gwynn was Regius Professor of Divinity in Trinity College Dublin, 1888-1917. A learned scholar, both he and his son Edward (later Provost of TCD) became very interested in Irish and the Gaelic revival."
  10. ^ Desmond Keenan Ireland Within The Union 1800-1921 2008 - Page 425 "John Gwynn worked for 20 years preparing the manuscript of the 9th century Book ofArmagh for the press and it was published in 1913."