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|Born||June 15, 1947
San Diego, California, U.S.
|Died||March 16, 1984 (aged 36)|
|Notable credit(s)||noted for his documentation of civil conflicts in Nicaragua, Lebanon, and El Salvador|
Hoagland was born in San Diego, California, and educated at the University of California, San Diego, where he was influenced by the Marxist philosopher Herbert Marcuse, as well as a classmate, Angela Davis. During the Vietnam War, he applied for and received conscientious objector status. He photographed the Sandinista Revolution in Nicaragua, after which he moved to El Salvador in 1979. In 1981, a car he was in hit a land mine. He and photojournalist Susan Meiselas were both wounded and photojournalist Ian Mates died from the blast. He also photographed in Beirut as the New York Times noted in their article on March 17, 1984 reporting his death in El Salvador.[specify]
At the time of his death, John Hoagland was a contract photographer for Newsweek. John Hoagland was one of 35 journalists whose names appeared on "death lists" by Salvadoran death squads.
On 16 March, he was gunned down while photographing a Salvadoran military operation near Sauchitoto. He was with photographer Robert Nickelsburg of Time Magazine when he was hit by M-60 fire by Salvadoran military troops. The journalist and photographer 'John Cassidy,' played by John Savage in the 1986 movie Salvador was loosely based on Hoagland. Hoagland's son, Eros Hoagland, is also a photographer who currently works in conflict zones around the globe.
- as the New York Times noted in news of his death on 17 March 1984
1. ^ "US Photographer is shot dead covering a battle in El Salvador," New York Times, March 17, 1984.
2. ^ "Raising awareness by camera," Hartford Courant, November 12, 1999.
3. ^ "Relatives, friends mourn photographer," Gadsden Times, March 19, 1984.
4. ^ "Conflict photographer Eros Hoagland on his dangerous craft," Daily Beast, November 5, 2012.
- Jaffe, Maggie. "The Camera Is a Shield": John Hoagland, Combat Photographer A biography and retrospective of his works.
- Tweed, Tom. "Camera With a Conscience" A personal remembrance and tribute to my friend and long-time surf buddy, written for the students of Thurgood Marshall College in 1994.
- Damsker, Matt. "War Photos Strike Note Of Empathy" LA Times Review of a retrospective exhibit held in Hoagland's birthplace, San Diego
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