John Neville Wheeler
John Neville "Jack" Wheeler (April 11, 1886 – October 13, 1973) was an American newspaperman, publishing executive, magazine editor, and author. He was born in Yonkers, New York, graduated Columbia University (which holds a collection of his papers), was a veteran of World War I serving in France as a field artillery lieutenant, began his newspaper career at the New York Herald, and became managing editor of Liberty. He is known primarily as the founder of several newspaper syndicates, of which the largest was the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA), and through which he employed some of the most noted writing talents of his day.
In 1913, while still a sportswriter for the Herald, Wheeler formed the Wheeler Syndicate to specialize in distribution of sports features to newspapers in the United States and Canada. That same year his Wheeler Syndicate contracted with pioneering comic strip artist Bud Fisher and cartoonist Fontaine Fox to begin distributing their work. Fisher is reported to have received an annual guarantee of $52,000, an unprecedented amount at that time. Journalist Richard Harding Davis was sent to Belgium as war correspondent and reported on early battlefield actions, as the Wheeler Syndicate became a comprehensive news collection and distribution operation. In 1916, it was purchased by the McClure Syndicate, the oldest and largest U.S. news and feature syndicate.
Immediately upon the sale of the Wheeler Syndicate to McClure, Wheeler founded another, the Bell Syndicate which soon attracted Ring Lardner, and was joined by cartoonists Fisher and Fox. James J. Montague also contributed his column "More Truth than Poetry" and other articles. In 1924, Wheeler became executive editor of Liberty, and served in that capacity while continuing to run Bell Syndicate.
In 1930, he became general manager of NANA, established in 1922 by 50 major newspapers in the United States and Canada which absorbed Bell, both continuing to operate individually under joint ownership. NANA continued to acquire other syndicates, including the McClure Syndicate. Wheeler's autobiography, I've Got News for You was published in 1961.
By the time he sold NANA in 1966 to the publishing and media company, Koster-Dana, had employed many of the most influential writers of his time, including Grantland Rice, Joseph Alsop, Dorothy Thompson, Pauline Frederick, Sheilah Graham and F. Scott Fitzgerald. It was Wheeler who hired Ernest Hemingway to cover the Spanish Civil War, who inscribed for him a copy of For Whom the Bell Tolls, "To Jack Wheeler, who gave me the chance to go to war."
When he died on October 13, 1973, in Ridgefield, Connecticut, at the age of 87, his obituary in the Ridgefield Press described him as one who "never quit newspapering, permanently, until his death." Cape Wheeler in Antarctica was named after him.
- Desmond, Robert W. "Wheeler, John Neville" Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online http://ea.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=0416530-00[permanent dead link] (accessed November 19, 2006).
- Ridgefield News, The. "Wheeler, John N." Who's Who in Ridgefield. Hersam-Acorn Newspapers (Online) http://acorn-online.net/acornonline/S-Z.htm (accessed November 19, 2006).