John Ulric Nef (economic historian)
John Ulric Nef (1899–1988) was an American economic historian, and the co-founder of the University of Chicago's Committee on Social Thought. He was associated with the University of Chicago for over half a century, and co-founded the Committee there in 1941.
Nef was born in 1899. He was a native Chicagoan. He graduated from Harvard University in 1920. He finished a PhD degree at the Robert Brookings Graduate School in Washington, D.C. (a precursor of the Brookings Institution) in 1927. He served at Swarthmore College's faculty for a year. He joined the University of Chicago's faculty in 1929 as an assistant professor of economics.
Career in academia
Committee on Social Thought
In 1941 Nef co-founded the Committee on Social Thought at Chicago along with Frank Knight, Robert Redfield, and Robert M. Hutchins (who was then president of the University of Chicago). It is an elite interdisciplinary graduate department at Chicago. He served as executive secretary and also as chairman (1945–1964) of the Committee. He brought a number of distinguished people he had encountered in his travels abroad such as Marc Chagall, T. S. Eliot, Igor Stravinsky, and Jacques Maritain to the Committee.
Work as an economic historian
Nef went on to become a foremost economic historian. His largest domain of interest was the Western Europe's economic, cultural, and military history since the end of the 15th century. He was involved in the study of the comparative economic histories of Britain and France; his most intense being the French economic history. His early work on the coal industry of Britain and the early Industrial Revolution in Britain during the 16th and 17th century is particularly important. He work indicated that the Industrial Revolution was a long-time evolutionary process. He was also one of the first economic historians who paid serious attention to technology.
He was an author of a number of books; his books include The United States and Civilization (1967), The Rise of the British Coal Industry (1966), The Conquest of the Material World (1964), and Search for Meaning: Autobiography of a Non-Conformist (1973).
Apart from being an economic historian, Nef was also an officer of the French Legion of Honor, a philanthropist, and patron of the arts.
In 1980 he received the University of Chicago Medal.
He died at his home in Washington, D.C. at the age of 89, after a long illness, in 1988.
- Samuels (2005), p. 59
- Saxon, Wolfgang (December 27, 1988). "John U. Nef, Economic Historian At Chicago University, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-12.
- Wilcox, Clifford (August 28, 2006). Robert Redfield and the development of American anthropology. Lexington Books. p. 139. ISBN 0-7391-1777-7.
- Samuels (2005), p. 60