John de Aston (knight banneret)

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Sir John de Aston (died 1523), K.B., was a military character of great eminence during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII.[1][2] He was also a Member of Parliament for Staffordshire and a county sheriff four times.

Biography[edit]

John Aston was the son and heir of John de Aston (fl. 1475) and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Delves, of Dodrington, Cheshire.[1]

Aston was made a Knight of the Bath, at the marriage of Prince Arthur, eldest son of Henry VII, with Catherine of Aragon, Infanta of Spain, (afterwards the wife of his younger brother Henry VIII) which was celebrated in the year 1502.[2]

Sir John was returned as a Knight of the Shire for Staffordshire to 5th (1495), 6th (1497) and 7th (1504) of the Parliaments of Henry VII and 1st (1510), 3rd (1515), and 4th (1523) of the Parliaments of Henry VIII.[3] He was also Sheriff of Leicestershire and Warwickshire in 1510–1511, and thrice Sheriff of Staffordshire (in 1500–1501, 1508–1509, 1513–1514).[3][1]

Sir John was with Henry VIII in the Anglo-French War of 1513,[4] and was made a knight banneret for his conduct at the battle of the Spurs. He obtained renown likewise at the Siege of Thérouanne and Tourney.[1][5]

Maitland in his History of London records a charitable association, of which Sir John Aston was one of the members and founders:

There was a very noble Guild, or fraternity, founded in the church of St. Catherine's Hospital, in honor of St. Barbara. It was governed by a master and three wardens. It had two royal founders, King Henry VIII. and Queen Katharine his first wife; and many very high and honourable persons associated themselves as members and founders of the said confraternity ...[6]

Sir John died on 14 March 1523,[3] and he was succeeded by his eldest son Sir Edward Aston of Tixall.[1]

Sir John was buried by the side of his wife, in Leigh church, where a handsome marble monument richly gilded, was erected to her memory; on the top of the monument are the figures of Sir John habited as a knight in complete armour, and his lady lying by him, their hands joined, and elevated in a praying posture, with appropriate emblems of valour and virtue, at the head and feet. The monument stands lengthways against the wall, and on the opposite side are six niches, with two human figures in each. At the head are also three niches, with two figures in each, and at the foot of the monument there are three, each filled with an angel, supporting a coat of arms. Round the verge is this inscription:[7]

Hic jacent corpora Domini Johannis Aston Militis, et Domimæ Johannæ Aston, uxoris ejus, qui quidem Dominus Johannes obiit decimo octavo die Mensis Maii, Anno Domini 1523. Et prædicta Domina Johanna obiit, —— die Mensis —— Anno Dom. 15——.

Family[edit]

Sir John Aston married Joan Littleton, the daughter of Sir William Littleton (1450–1507), eldest son and heir of Sir Thomas Littleton,[1][8] by his first wife, Ellen Walsh, daughter of William Walsh of Wanlip.[9][10][11] Joan Littleton inherited the manor of Wanlip from her mother, Ellen Walsh. Through this marriage the manor of Tixall also came to the Aston family, having been purchased by Sir Thomas Littleton from the heiress Rosede Wasteneys.[2]

Sir John Aston and Joan Littleton had four children:[12]

  • Edward (died 1568) his son and heir.
  • William of Millewitch.
  • Isabel.
  • Elizabeth.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Burke 1866, p. 14.
  2. ^ a b c Constable & Clifford 1817, p. 243.
  3. ^ a b c Boddie 1975, p. 272.
  4. ^ Before Sir John left on the French campaign he made his will dated 24 April 1513, which began "intending to depart over see with our most dreadde soverayne in his royall armee..." (Boddie 1975, p. 272).
  5. ^ Shaw 1906, p. 36.
  6. ^ Constable & Clifford 1817, p. 243 cites William Maitland's History of London, p. 1015
  7. ^ Constable & Clifford 1817, p. 245.
  8. ^ Baker 2007.
  9. ^ Clifford & Clifford 1817, pp. 143-4.
  10. ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 463.
  11. ^ By his second wife, Mary Whittington, Sir William Littleton had a son and heir, John Littleton (d. 17 May 1532).
  12. ^ Boddie 1975, p. 273.

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]