José Antonio Muñoz
|Born||José Antonio Muñoz|
July 10, 1942
Buenos Aires, Argentina
José Antonio Muñoz or simply Muñoz (born July 10, 1942) is an Argentine artist. He is most notable for his influential black-and-white artwork. His hardboiled graphic novels series Alack Sinner (with writer Carlos Sampayo) is a noted source for Frank Miller's Sin City.
In 1972 he moved to Spain and then to Italy and began a collaboration with Argentine writer Carlos Sampayo which produced, among others, the detective series Alack Sinner (sometimes misspelled "Allack Sinner") and its spin-offs Joe's Bar and Sophie, as well as a comics biography of Billie Holiday.
His style is characterised by a sharp line, heavy chiaroscuro, and exaggerated, sometimes grotesque, faces and figures. His work has had a strong influence on Argentine Alberto Breccia, his teacher. Also British artists Dave McKean and Warren Pleece, and US artists Frank Miller (for part of his Sin City style ) and Keith Giffen.
- 1978: Best Foreign Realistic Work at the Angoulême International Comics Festival, France
- 1983: Best Comic Book at the Angoulême International Comics Festival
- 1994: Harvey Award for Best American Edition of Foreign Material
- 2002: Special Prize for outstanding life’s work at the Max & Moritz Prizes, Germany
- 2007: Grand Prix de la ville d'Angoulême at the Angoulême International Comics Festival, France
- José Muñoz official website
- José Muñoz profile on Lambiek Comiclopedia
- Short bibliography of the Alack Sinner series (French and English editions)
- Large Muñoz illustrated bibliography (but sorted by last-reprint dates instead of original years) (in French)
- (in French) Video Report José Muñoz 2008 on OC-TV.net
- Career-wide selected art samples (French editions)
(Years from artist's signature or original publication, not later reprints)