José Antonio Muñoz
|Born||José Antonio Muñoz|
July 10, 1942
Buenos Aires, Argentina
José Antonio Muñoz or simply Muñoz (born July 10, 1942) is an Argentine artist. He is most notable for his influential black-and-white artwork. His hardboiled graphic novels series Alack Sinner (with writer Carlos Sampayo) is a noted source for Frank Miller's Sin City and the artwork in 100 Bullets by Eduardo Risso.
In 1972 he moved to Spain and then to Italy and began a collaboration with Argentine writer Carlos Sampayo which produced, among others, the detective series Alack Sinner (sometimes misspelled "Allack Sinner") and its spin-offs Joe's Bar and Sophie, as well as a comics biography of Billie Holiday.
His style is characterised by a sharp line, heavy chiaroscuro, and exaggerated, sometimes grotesque, faces and figures. His work has had a strong influence on Argentine Alberto Breccia, his teacher. Also British artists Dave McKean and Warren Pleece, and US artists Frank Miller (for part of his Sin City style) and Keith Giffen.
- 1978: Best Foreign Realistic Work at the Angoulême International Comics Festival, France
- 1983: Best Comic Book at the Angoulême International Comics Festival
- 1994: Harvey Award for Best American Edition of Foreign Material
- 2002: Special Prize for outstanding life’s work at the Max & Moritz Prizes, Germany
- 2007: Grand Prix de la ville d'Angoulême at the Angoulême International Comics Festival, France
- José Muñoz official website
- José Muñoz profile on Lambiek Comiclopedia
- Short bibliography of the Alack Sinner series (French and English editions)
- Large Muñoz illustrated bibliography (but sorted by last-reprint dates instead of original years) (in French)
- (in French) Video Report José Muñoz 2008 on OC-TV.net
- Career-wide selected art samples (French editions)
(Years from artist's signature or original publication, not later reprints)