Joseph A. Burns
Joseph Burns is a professor at Cornell University with a dual appointment in the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) and the Astronomy department. His primary area of research is dynamics in planetary sciences.
Burns received his Ph.D. from Cornell in 1966. He held the position of Vice Provost of Research and Engineering from 2003 to 2008. Burns was the editor of the planetary science journal Icarus from 1980–1997. He has edited two books, Planetary Satellites (1977) and Satellites (1986). He was the Vice President of the American Astronomical Society, as well as having chaired its Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) and Division on Dynamical Astronomy (DDA). He is the President of the IAU's commission on celestial mechanics and dynamical astronomy. Burns is a fellow of the AGU and the AAAS, a member of the International Academy of Astronautics, and a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He received the DPS's Masursky Award in 1994 for meritorious service to planetary science, and received the DDA's Brouwer Award in 2013.
Burns is best known for his theoretical work on dynamical astronomy in our Solar System. In 1979 Burns definitively explained the effect of radiation forces on small particles in the solar system. In 1998, Burns, Gladman, Nicholson, and Kavelaars co-discovered Caliban and Sycorax, two moons of Uranus. He was a member of the Galileo Imaging Team and is currently a member of the Cassini Imaging Team.
Awards and honors
The Themistian asteroid 2708 Burns, discovered by Edward Bowell in 1981, was named in his honor. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 4 August 1982 (M.P.C. 7158).
Former graduate students
- Mark Showalter (discoverer of Pan, manager of the PDS Rings Node)
- Douglas Hamilton (Professor of Astronomy, University of Maryland)
- Bob Kolvoord (Professor, James Madison University)
- Brett J. Gladman (Professor, University of British Columbia)
- Ishan Sharma (Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur)
- Burns, Joseph (1966). The influence of a magnetic field on stellar accretion. Ithaca. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- J.A. Burns, Icarus 130, 225 (1997)
- "Past Officers – DPS". Dps.aas.org. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- "Past Officers – DDA". Dda.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- "Joseph A. Burns IAU Profile". Iau.org. 2011-05-18. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- "Masursky Prize Winners". Dps.aas.org. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- "The AAS/DDA Brouwer Award". dda.aas.org. Archived from the original on 2013-09-05. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- Burns, J. A.; Lamy, P. L.; Soter, S. (1979). "Radiation forces on small particles in the solar system". Icarus. Adsabs.harvard.edu. 40 (1): 1–48. Bibcode:1979Icar...40....1B. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(79)90050-2.
- Gladman, B. J.; Nicholson, P. D.; Burns, J. A.; Kavelaars, J. J.; Marsden, B. G.; Williams, G. V.; Offutt, W. B. (1998). "Discovery of two distant irregular moons of Uranus". Nature. 392 (6679): 897–899. Bibcode:1998Natur.392..897G. doi:10.1038/31890.
- "2708 Burns (1981 WT)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- Showalter, M. R. "Jupiter's ring system resolved: Physical properties inferred from the Voyager im". Adsabs.harvard.edu: 2. Bibcode:1985PhDT.........2S. Cite journal requires
- "Hamilton's Thesis" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- "Hamilton's Homepage". Astro.umd.edu. 1995-10-27. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- Gold, Lauren (2006-08-02). "Symposium honors Joe Burns at 65". News.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- Kolvoord's Homepage Archived May 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Gladman's Thesis". Astro.ubc.ca. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- "Gladman's Homepage". Astro.ubc.ca. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- "Ishan's Thesis". August 2004. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
- "Ishan's Homepage". Retrieved 2017-09-15.