2708 Burns

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2708 Burns
Discovery [1]
Discovered by E. Bowell
Discovery site Anderson Mesa Stn.
Discovery date 24 November 1981
MPC designation (2708) Burns
Named after
Joseph A. Burns[1]
(American astronomer)
1981 WT · 1951 GG
1961 DN · 1965 YB
1978 EL3 · A912 AE
main-belt[1][2] · (outer)
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 66.42 yr (24,261 d)
Aphelion 3.6268 AU
Perihelion 2.5337 AU
3.0803 AU
Eccentricity 0.1774
5.41 yr (1,975 d)
0° 10m 56.28s / day
Inclination 2.7828°
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
13.63±3.61 km[5]
17.86 km (calculated)[3]
20.085±0.110 km[6]
20.263±0.244 km[7]
20.4±2.0 km[8]
22±2 km[9]
5.315±0.003 h[10]
0.08 (assumed)[3]
SMASS = B[2][3]
11.8[6] · 12.00[5][8][9]
12.1[2][3] · 12.14[11]

2708 Burns, provisional designation 1981 WT, is a carbonaceous Themistian asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 19 kilometers (12 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 24 November 1981, by American astronomer Edward Bowell at the Anderson Mesa Station near Flagstaff, Arizona, in the United States. It was named after American planetary scientist Joseph A. Burns.[1] The likely elongated B-type asteroid has a rotation period of 5.3 hours.[3]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Burns is a Themistian asteroid that belongs to the Themis family (602),[3][4] a very large family of carbonaceous asteroids, named after 24 Themis.[12] It orbits the Sun in the outer main-belt at a distance of 2.5–3.6 AU once every 5 years and 5 months (1,975 days; semi-major axis of 3.08 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.18 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic.[2]

The asteroid was first observed as A912 AE at Winchester Observatory (799) in January 1912. The body's observation arc begins with a precovery taken at Goethe Link Observatory in February 1950, more than 31 years prior to its official discovery observation at Anderson Mesa.[1]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the SMASS classification, Burns is a carbonaceous B-type,[2][3] which are somewhat brighter than the common C-type asteroids.

Rotation period[edit]

In March 2010, a rotational lightcurve of Burns was obtained from photometric observations by French amateur astronomer René Roy. Lightcurve analysis gave a well-defined rotation period of 5.315 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.52 magnitude, indicative for a non-spherical shape (U=3).[10]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Burns measures between 13.63 and 22 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.051 and 0.12.[5][6][7][8][9]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.08 and calculates a diameter of 17.86 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 12.1.[3]


This minor planet was named after Joseph A. Burns (born 1941), American planetary scientist and astronomer at Cornell University in New York,[1] and a co-discoverer of the trans-Neptunian object (385191) at Palomar in 1997. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 4 August 1982 (M.P.C. 7158).[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "2708 Burns (1981 WT)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2708 Burns (1981 WT)" (2016-07-15 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "LCDB Data for (2708) Burns". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  7. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  8. ^ a b c d Alí-Lagoa, V.; Licandro, J.; Gil-Hutton, R.; Cañ; ada-Assandri, M.; Delbo', M.; et al. (June 2016). "Differences between the Pallas collisional family and similarly sized B-type asteroids". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 591: 11. Bibcode:2016A&A...591A..14A. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201527660. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  9. ^ a b c d Alí-Lagoa, V.; de León, J.; Licandro, J.; Delbó, M.; Campins, H.; Pinilla-Alonso, N.; et al. (June 2013). "Physical properties of B-type asteroids from WISE data". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 554: 16. arXiv:1303.5487Freely accessible. Bibcode:2013A&A...554A..71A. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220680. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  10. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (2708) Burns". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  11. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  12. ^ Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). "Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families" (PDF). Asteroids IV: 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  13. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 

External links[edit]